Creek War

Creek War
U.S. Hist.
an uprising in 1813-14 of the Creek Indians against settlers in Alabama: frontier militia from Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi under Andrew Jackson helped defeat the Creek, who ceded two-thirds of their land to the U.S.

* * *

▪ United States history
      (1813–14), war that resulted in U.S. victory over Creek Indians, who were British allies during the War of 1812, resulting in vast cession of their lands in Alabama and Georgia. The Shawnee leader Tecumseh, who expected British help in recovering hunting grounds lost to settlers, travelled to the south to warn of dangers to native cultures posed by whites. Factions arose among the Creeks, and a group known as the Red Sticks preyed upon white settlements and fought with those Creeks who opposed them. On August 30, 1813, when the Red Sticks swept down upon 553 surprised frontiersmen at a crude fortification at Lake Tensaw, north of Mobile, the resulting Ft. Mims Massacre stirred the Southern states into a vigorous response. The main army of 5,000 militiamen was led by Gen. Andrew Jackson, who succeeded in wiping out two Indian villages that fall: Tallasahatchee and Talladega.

      The following spring hundreds of Creeks gathered at what seemed an impenetrable village fortress on a peninsula on the Tallapoosa River, awaiting the Americans' attack. On March 27, 1814, at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (Tohopeka, Ala.), Jackson's superior numbers (3,000 to 1,000) and armaments (including cannon) demolished the Creek defenses, slaughtering more than 800 warriors and imprisoning 500 women and children. The power of the Indians of the Old Southwest was broken.

      At the Treaty of Ft. Jackson (August 9) the Creeks were required to cede 23,000,000 acres of land, comprising more than half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia. Much of that territory belonged to Indians who had earlier been Jackson's allies.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Creek War — Depiction of William Weatherford surrendering to Andrew Jackson after the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Jackson was so impressed with Weatherford s boldness that he let him go …   Wikipedia

  • Creek War of 1836 — The Creek War of 1836 was a conflict fought between the Muscogee Creek people and non Native land speculators and squatters in Alabama in 1836. Although the Creek people had been forced from Georgia, with many Lower Creeks moving to the Indian… …   Wikipedia

  • Creek War — U.S. Hist. an uprising in 1813 14 of the Creek Indians against settlers in Alabama: frontier militia from Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi under Andrew Jackson helped defeat the Creek, who ceded two thirds of their land to the U.S …   Useful english dictionary

  • Coal Creek War — A drawing from Harper s Weekly showing Coal Creek miners firing on Fort Anderson in 1892 …   Wikipedia

  • War in Afghanistan (2001–present) — War in Afghanistan Part of the Afghan civil war and the War on Terror …   Wikipedia

  • War of 1812 — This article is about the Anglo American War of 1812 to 1815. For other wars in 1812, see War of 1812 (disambiguation). War of 1812 The unfinished United States Capitol after the burning of Washington. Watercolor and i …   Wikipedia

  • Creek (people) — Infobox Ethnic group group=Creek image caption = Opothleyahola, Muscogee Creek Chief, 1830s poptime=50,000 60,000 popplace=United States (Oklahoma, Alabama) rels=Protestantism, other langs=English, Creek related=Muskogean peoples: Alabama,… …   Wikipedia

  • War, West Virginia — Infobox Settlement official name = City of War, West Virginia settlement type = City nickname = motto = website = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250x200px map caption = Location in the State of West… …   Wikipedia

  • Creek — /kreek/, n., pl. Creeks, (esp. collectively) Creek. 1. a member of a confederacy of North American Indians that in historic times occupied the greater part of Alabama and Georgia. 2. Also called Muskogee. a Muskogean language that is the language …   Universalium

  • creek — /kreek, krik/, n. 1. U.S., Canada, and Australia. a stream smaller than a river. 2. a stream or channel in a coastal marsh. 3. Chiefly Atlantic States and Brit. a recess or inlet in the shore of the sea. 4. an estuary. 5. Brit. Dial. a narrow,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”