Crazy Horse

Crazy Horse
c1849-77, leader of the Oglala Sioux tribe: defeated General George Custer at battle of Little Bighorn.

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born 1842?, near present-day Rapid City, S.D., U.S.
died Sept. 5, 1877, Fort Robinson, Neb.

Oglala Sioux Indian chief.

Refusing to abide by an 1868 treaty granting the Sioux a large reservation in the Black Hills, Crazy Horse led his warriors in continued raids against enemy tribes as well as against whites. In 1876 he joined with Cheyenne forces in a surprise attack against Gen. George Crook in southern Montana, forcing Crook's withdrawal. Crazy Horse then united with Chief Sitting Bull for the Battle of the Little Bighorn, where he helped annihilate Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer's troops. In 1877, his tribe weakened by cold and hunger, Crazy Horse surrendered to Crook; removed to a military outpost in Nebraska, he was killed in a scuffle with soldiers.

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▪ Sioux chief
Indian name  Ta-sunko-witko 
born 1842?, near present-day Rapid City, South Dakota, U.S.
died September 5, 1877, Fort Robinson, Nebraska

      Sioux Indian chief of the Oglala tribe who was an able tactician and determined warrior in the Sioux resistance to the white man's invasion of the northern Great Plains.

      As early as 1865 Crazy Horse was a leader in his people's defiance of U.S. plans to construct a road to the goldfields in Montana. He participated in the massacre of Captain William J. Fetterman and his troop of 80 men (Dec. 21, 1866) as well as in the Wagon Box fight (Aug. 2, 1867), both near Fort Phil Kearny, in Wyoming Territory. Refusing to honour the reservation provisions of the Second Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868), Crazy Horse led his followers to unceded buffalo country, where they continued to hunt, fish, and wage war against enemy tribes as well as whites.

      When gold was discovered in the Black Hills, Dakota Territory, in 1874, prospectors disregarded Sioux treaty rights and swarmed onto the Indian reservation there. General George Crook (Crook, George) thereupon set out to force Crazy Horse from his winter encampments on the Tongue and Powder rivers in Montana Territory, but the chief simply retreated deeper into the hills. Joining Cheyenne forces, he took part in a surprise attack on Crook in the Rosebud valley (June 17, 1876), in southern Montana, forcing Crook's withdrawal.

      Crazy Horse then moved north to unite with the main Sioux encampment of Chief Sitting Bull on the banks of the Little Bighorn River, where he helped annihilate a battalion of U.S. soldiers under Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer (Custer, George Armstrong) (June 25, 1876). Crazy Horse and his followers then returned to the hill country to resume their old ways. He was pursued by Colonel Nelson A. Miles in a stepped-up army campaign to force all Indians to come to the government agencies. His tribe weakened by cold and hunger, Crazy Horse finally surrendered to General Crook at the Red Cloud Agency in Nebraska on May 6, 1877. Confined to Fort Robinson, he was killed in a scuffle with soldiers who were trying to imprison him in a guardhouse.

Additional Reading
Stephen E. Ambrose, Crazy Horse and Custer (1975); Edward Kadlecek and Mabell Kadlecek, To Kill an Eagle: Indian Views on the Death of Crazy Horse (1981).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Crazy Horse —   [ kreɪzɪ hɔːs, englisch], indianischer Name Tashunka Witko, Kriegshäuptling der Oglala Indianer (Unterstamm der Teton Dakota), * am Rapid Creek (S. D.) um 1842, ✝ Fort Robinson (Nebraska) 5. 9. 1877; einer der Führer des Freiheitskampfes der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Crazy Horse — (?1842 77) a ↑Native American chief of the Sioux tribe who united his people and helped ↑Sitting Bull to win a victory over General Custer s army in the famous battle at the ↑Little Bighorn …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Crazy Horse — (Dakota name Ta sunko witko) 1842? 77; Dakota Indian chief …   English World dictionary

  • Crazy Horse — For other uses, see Crazy Horse (disambiguation). A sketch of Crazy Horse by a Mormon missionary in 1934 after interviewing Crazy Horse s sister, who thought it was accurate.[1] Crazy Horse (Lakota: Tȟašúŋke Witkó (in Sta …   Wikipedia

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  • Crazy Horse — noun a chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849 1877) • Syn: ↑Tashunca Uitco • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Indian chief, ↑Indian chieftain, ↑Sioux,… …   Useful english dictionary

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