corvina

corvina
/kawr vee"neuh/, n.
corbina.
[1780-90; < MexSp, Sp: kind of fish, fem. deriv. of corvino CORVINE; so called from its color]

* * *

▪ manuscript or book
      any manuscript or book formerly preserved in the Bibliotheca Corviniana, the library assembled by Matthias Corvinus (Matthias I), king of Hungary (1458–90). The library occupied two rooms on the east side of Buda Castle and was decorated with specially commissioned frescoes and stained-glass windows.

      The collection, comprising mostly manuscript codices and some incunabula (early printed books), evolved from the king's patronage of the arts and his systematic, purposeful method of collecting, in which he was advised by Galeotto Marzio and Taddeo Ugoletto, the eminent Italian humanists who oversaw the library. Modern estimates place the size of the collection at 2,000 to 2,500 volumes, most in Latin or Greek; this excludes the dozens of volumes in the library of the king's wife, Beatrice of Aragon; the nearly 100 volumes of liturgical works housed in the royal chapel; and the hundreds of books of the community of priests of the royal court, mostly on theological subjects.

      After King Matthias's death, and especially after the Ottoman Turks' conquest of Buda in 1541, the library was dispersed, and the collection was for the most part destroyed. Some 200 volumes from the Corvina library are held in libraries in 14 countries; about one-fourth of these manuscripts are in collections in Hungary. The surviving codices include ancient classics, copies of the Bible, liturgical guides, works by earlier Christian writers, humanist writings, and books on theology, medieval history, mathematics, astronomy, geography, medical and military studies, architecture, and the law.

      Matthias ordered most of the manuscripts from the best Florentine miniaturists of the age, including Francesco del Cherico, Attavante degli Attavanti, Boccardino Vecchio, and the del Fora brothers, Gherardo and Monte. In addition, the codices included the works of masters from Naples, Ferrara, and Milan.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Corvina — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bajo el nombre común corvina se conoce a diferentes especies de peces marinos de la Familia Sciaenidae, dentro del Orden Perciformes. Las especies más conocidas son la corvina o perca regia (Argyrosomus regius) y la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Corvina — hat folgende Bedeutungen: eine Studentenverbindung aus Einsiedeln in der Schweiz, siehe G.V. Corvina Einsiedeln. eine Rebsorte, siehe Corvina Veronese. ein Speisefisch, siehe Corvina (Fisch). eine berühmte Bibliothek, siehe Bibliotheca Corviniana …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corvina — Corvina, Untergattung der Umberfische …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Corvīna — (Bibliotheca Corviniana), die berühmte Büchersammlung des Königs Matthias Corvinus von Ungarn (gest. 1490), die, etwa 2–3000 Handschriften (darunter viele mit prachtvollen Miniaturen von Attavante) umfassend, in der Festung Ofen als öffentliche… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Corvina — Corvīna (abgekürzt für Bibliothēca Corviniāna), berühmte Bücher(Handschriften )sammlung des ungar. Königs Matthias Corvinus in Ofen, jetzt zerstreut; bekannt 107 Handschriften in 33 Bibliotheken …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Corvina — Corvina,   Bibliotheca Corviniana.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • corvina — s. f. [Ictiologia] Peixe acantopterígio …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • corvina — f. ☛ V. corvino …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • corvina — ☆ corvina [kôr vē′nə ] n. [Sp, orig. fem. of corvino, ravenlike (< L corvinus < corvus,RAVEN1): so named because of its color] 1. a gray, marine drum fish (Menticirrhus undulatus) found in the surf along the California coast 2. any of… …   English World dictionary

  • Corvina — For other uses, see Corvina (disambiguation). Corvina is an Italian wine grape variety that is sometimes also referred to as Corvina Veronese or Cruina or it is mainly known in Europe as Cassabria . It is mainly grown in the Veneto region of… …   Wikipedia

  • corvina — 1cor·vì·na s.m.inv., s.f. CO 1. s.m.inv., vitigno tipico del Veronese 2. s.f., uva nera da vino prodotta da tale vitigno; anche in funz. agg.: uva corvina {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1892. ETIMO: der. di corvino, per il colore. 2cor·vì·na s.f. 1. TS …   Dizionario italiano

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”