Coromandel Coast

Coromandel Coast
/kawr"euh man"dl, kor"-, kawr'-, kor'-/
a coastal region in SE India, S of the Kistna River.

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      broad coastal plain in eastern Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southern India. Extending over an area of about 8,800 square miles (22,800 square km), it is bounded by the Utkal Plains to the north, the Bay of Bengal (Bengal, Bay of) to the east, the Kaveri (Kaveri River) delta to the south, and the Eastern Ghats to the west. The region derives its name from the Tamil Chola (Chola dynasty) Mandalam (“Land of the Chola,”) an ancient dynasty that ruled the region from the mid-9th century CE to 1279. It also has been known since ancient times as the “land of the temples,” for the many temples that are located along the coast.

      The coast has an average elevation of 264 feet (80 metres) and is backed by the Eastern Ghats, a chain of low, flat-topped hills. The shoreline is relatively straight, with several sandbars and an offshore chain of coral islands. The lower courses of the Palar, Ponnaiyar, and Cheyyar rivers and their tributaries, the Pamban and Ponnai, which rise in the Ghats, remain dry during most of the year. There is little forest cover, but marshes, swamps, scrub woodlands, and thorny thickets are common.

      Agriculture is the mainstay of the coastal economy. Rice, pulses (legumes), sugarcane, cotton, and peanuts (groundnuts) are grown. Bananas and betel nuts are grown together with rice in the low-rainfall region of the interior. There are casuarina and coconut plantations along the coast. Large-scale industries produce fertilizers, chemicals, film projectors, amplifiers, trucks, and automobiles. There is a heavy vehicle and armoured car factory at Avadi and a nuclear power station at Kalapakkam. Roads and railways linking Chennai (Madras), Cuddalore, Chidambaram, Chengalpattu, and Puducherry (Pondicherry) run parallel to the coast.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coromandel Coast — [kôr΄ə man′dəl, kär΄ə man′d l] coastal region of SE India, on the Bay of Bengal: has a low shoreline with no good harbors …   English World dictionary

  • Coromandel Coast — This article is about the Coromandel Coast of India. For the similarly named region in New Zealand, see Coromandel Peninsula. Districts along the Coromandel Coast …   Wikipedia

  • COROMANDEL COAST —    E. coast of Hindustan, extending from the Krishna to Cape Comorin …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Coromandel Coast — Cor′o•man′del Coast′ [[t]ˈkɔr əˈmæn dl, ˈkɒr , ˌkɔr , ˌkɒr [/t]] n. geg a coastal region in SE India S of the Kistna River …   From formal English to slang

  • Coromandel Coast — Koromandelküste wird die südöstliche Küste der indischen Halbinsel genannt. Allgemein wird angenommen, dass der Name von den tamilischen Worten Chola Madal für Region (madalam) der Chola (eine historische südindische Dynastie) abgeleitet ist.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Coromandel Coast — /kɒrəˌmændl ˈkoʊst/ (say koruh.mandl kohst) noun that part of the coastline of south eastern India extending from Point Calimere (opposite the northern end of Sri Lanka) to the mouth of the river Krishna …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Coromandel Coast — /kawr euh man dl, kor , kawr , kor / a coastal region in SE India, S of the Kistna River …   Useful english dictionary

  • Coromandel — may refer to: Coromandel, New Zealand Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand Coromandel (New Zealand electorate) Coromandel International Coromandel Coast, India Dutch Coromandel Coromandel, Minas Gerais, a Brazilian city Coromandel, Mauritius… …   Wikipedia

  • Coromandel, Minas Gerais — Coromandel Location of Coromandel Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • coromandel — [kôr΄ə man′dəl] n. [after COROMANDEL COAST] 1. CALAMANDER 2. a form of decorative lacquer, developed in China and used esp. on screens, depicting figures, scenes, etc. through the use of intaglio …   English World dictionary

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