copyhold

copyhold
/kop"ee hohld'/, n.
1. (formerly) a type of ownership of land in England, evidenced by a copy of the manor roll establishing the title.
2. an estate held under such ownership.
[1400-50; late ME; see COPY, HOLD1]

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In English law, a form of landholding defined as a "holding at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor.

" Its origin is found in the occupation by villeins, or nonfreemen, of portions of land belonging to the manor of the feudal lord. It was occupation at the pleasure of the lord, but in time it grew into an occupation by right, called villenagium, which was recognized first by custom and then by law. In 1926 all copyhold land became freehold land, though lords of manors retained mineral and sporting rights.

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law
      in English law, a form of landholding defined as a “holding at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor.” Its origin is found in the occupation by villeins, or nonfreemen, of portions of land belonging to the manor of the feudal lord.

      A portion of the manor reserved for the lord was cultivated by labourers who were bound to the land; their service was obligatory, and they could not leave the manor. They were allowed, however, to cultivate land for their own use. This copyhold was mere occupation at the pleasure of the lord, but in time it grew into an occupation by right, called villenagium, that was recognized first by custom and later by law. The records of the court baron constituted the title of the villein tenant to the land held by copy of the court roll (hence the term copyhold); and the customs of the manor recorded therein formed the real property law applicable to his case. In 1926 all copyhold land became freehold (q.v.) land, though the lords of manors retained mineral and sporting rights.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Copyhold — Cop y*hold , n. (Eng. Law) (a) A tenure of estate by copy of court roll; or a tenure for which the tenant has nothing to show, except the rolls made by the steward of the lord s court. Blackstone. (b) Land held in copyhold. Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Copyhold —   [ kɔpɪhəʊld] das, s, im 14. Jahrhundert in England gewohnheitsrechtlich entwickelte Form der bald als erblich betrachteten Landleihe. Dabei erhielten die Pächter von Bauerngütern, die zu einer Grundherrschaft (Manor) gehörten, zur Sicherung… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • copyhold — [käp′ēhōld΄] n. Eng. Law tenure of property less than a freehold, proved by a written transcript or record in the rolls of a manorial court …   English World dictionary

  • Copyhold — Main article: Feudal land tenure At its origin in medieval England, copyhold tenure was tenure of land according to the custom of the manor, the title deeds being a copy of the record of the manorial court. The privileges granted to each tenant,… …   Wikipedia

  • copyhold — In England a species of estate at will, or customary estate, the only visible title to which consisted of the copies of the court rolls, which were made out by the steward of the manor, on a tenant s being admitted to any parcel of land, or… …   Black's law dictionary

  • copyhold — In England a species of estate at will, or customary estate, the only visible title to which consisted of the copies of the court rolls, which were made out by the steward of the manor, on a tenant s being admitted to any parcel of land, or… …   Black's law dictionary

  • copyhold — noun Date: 15th century 1. a former tenure of land in England and Ireland by right of being recorded in the court of the manor 2. an estate held by copyhold …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • copyhold — noun A former form of tenure in which the title deeds were a copy of the manorial roll [...]this quiz with all the strange old terms in it, curtilage and messuage and socage and fee simple and fee tail and feoffee and copyhold and customary… …   Wiktionary

  • copyhold — cop•y•hold [[t]ˈkɒp iˌhoʊld[/t]] n. 1) why (formerly) a type of ownership of land in England, evidenced by a copy of the manor roll establishing the title 2) why an estate held in copyhold • Etymology: 1400–50 …   From formal English to slang

  • copyhold — See copyhold estate …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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