concertinist, n.
/kon'seuhr tee"neuh/, n., v., concertinaed /-neuhd/, concertinaing /-neuh ing/, adj.
1. a musical instrument resembling an accordion but having buttonlike keys, hexagonal bellows and ends, and a more limited range.
3. to fold, crush together, or collapse in the manner of a concertina: The car concertinaed when it hit the truck.
4. to cause to fold or collapse in the manner of a concertina.
5. of, pertaining to, or resembling a concertina: concertina pleats.
[appar. coined by the original instrument's inventor, English instrument-maker Charles Wheatstone (1802-75), who patented it in 1829; cf. CONCERTINO, seraphina a similar instrument]

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Portable bellows-operated musical instrument.

The first concertina was patented by Sir Charles Wheatstone in London in 1829, and he later produced an instrument with full chromatic capacity. Like the accordion, its sound is produced by free reeds, but it uses buttons rather than keys. The very similar Argentinian bandoneon is square rather than hexagonal.

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 free-reed musical instrument patented by Sir Charles Wheatstone (Wheatstone, Sir Charles) in London in 1829. Hexagonal hand bellows are fastened between two sets of boards that carry the reeds in fraised sockets, as well as the pallet valves and finger buttons, by which air is selectively admitted to the reeds. The steel or brass reed tongues are attached to individual brass frames by screwed plates.

      The concertina employs “double action,” each note being given by a pair of reeds, one to sound on the press of the bellows, the other on the draw. In the original and most common model, the chromatic scale is divided between the two hands; in some later models, such as the duet-system concertina, a chromatic scale is provided for each hand. The compass extends four octaves upward from the G below middle C. After the great days of the 19th-century concertina virtuoso, the instrument was gradually superseded from about 1910 by the accordion.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • concertină — CONCERTÍNĂ, concertine, s.f. Instrument muzical asemănător cu acordeonul, cu feţele laterale hexagonale. – Din fr. concertina. Trimis de Joseph, 16.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  concertínă s. f., g. d. art. concertínei; pl. concertíne Trimis de siveco …   Dicționar Român

  • concertina — [ kɔ̃sɛrtina ] n. m. • 1866; mot angl. ♦ Instrument de musique à anches et à soufflet de section hexagonale, voisin de l accordéon. Des concertinas. ● concertina nom masculin (mot anglais) Accordéon de forme hexagonale comportant deux claviers à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • concertina — ► NOUN ▪ a small musical instrument played by stretching and squeezing a central bellows between the hands to blow air over reeds, each note being sounded by a button. ► VERB (concertinas, concertinaed or concertina d, concertinaing) ▪ compress… …   English terms dictionary

  • concertina — 1835, from CONCERT (Cf. concert) + fem. ending INA (Cf. ina). Portable musical instrument invented 1829 by Sir Charles Wheatstone. Concertina wire attested by 1917, so called from similarity to the musical instrument …   Etymology dictionary

  • concertina — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: música Acordeón de fuelle muy largo, de forma hexagonal o heptagonal, y teclado en ambas caras: La concertina suele usarse en algunas orquestas de jazz …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Concertina — Con cer*ti na, n. [From It. concerto a concert.] A small musical instrument on the principle of the accordion. It is a small elastic box, or bellows, having free reeds on the inside, and keys and handles on the outside of each of the two… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Concertīna — Concertīna, soviel wie Ziehharmonika …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Concertina —   [englisch, kɔnsə tɪːnə], Konzertina …   Universal-Lexikon

  • concertina — s. f. Instrumento musical parecido com um acordeão, mas de caixa hexagonal …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • concertina — f. Mús. Acordeón de forma hexagonal u octagonal, de fuelle muy largo y teclados cantantes en ambas caras o cubiertas …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • concertina — [kän΄sər tē′nə] n. [ CONCERT + INA: coined (1829) by Sir Charles Wheatstone (1802 75), Eng physicist] a musical instrument similar to an accordion but smaller and with buttons instead of a keyboard …   English World dictionary

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