chylous, adj.
/kuyl/, n.
a milky fluid containing emulsified fat and other products of digestion, formed from the chyme in the small intestine and conveyed by the lacteals and the thoracic duct to the veins.
[1535-45; < LL chylus < Gk chylós juice, akin to cheîn to pour, L fundere to pour (see FUSE2), E GUT]

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      lymph laden with fat that has been absorbed into the bloodstream from the small intestine. The fat globules, which give chyle a milky appearance, have a thin protein coating and are a micron or less in size (there are about 25,000 microns to an inch). After a meal it takes two to three hours for fat to be absorbed from the small intestine, travel through ever larger lymph channels until it reaches the thoracic duct (one of the two main lymphatic trunks), and enter the bloodstream by way of an opening from the duct into the left brachiocephalic vein. (This vein collects blood from the left arm, the neck, and the head.)

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • chyle — chyle …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • chyle — [ ʃil ] n. m. • chile fin XIVe; lat. méd. chylus, gr. khulos « suc » ♦ Physiol. Liquide d aspect laiteux résultant de la transformation dans l intestin des aliments mélangés aux sucs digestifs, qui est absorbé par les vaisseaux lymphatiques (⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chyle — (from the Greek word chylos, meaning juice[1]) is a milky bodily fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats, or free fatty acids (FFAs). It is formed in the small intestine during digestion of fatty foods, and taken up by lymph vessels… …   Wikipedia

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  • chyle — CHYLE. s. mas. Suc blanc qui se forme de la partie la plus subtile des alimens digérés. Les alimens se tournent en chyle …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • chyle — CHYLE. s. m. Suc blanc qui est fait des viandes digerées. Les aliments se tournent en chyle …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • chyle — [kīl] n. [LL chylus < Gr chylos, juice, humor, chyle < cheein, to pour: see FOUND3] a milky fluid composed of lymph and emulsified fats: it is formed from chyme in the small intestine, is absorbed by the lacteals, and is passed into the… …   English World dictionary

  • chyle — 1540s, from L.L. chylus, from Gk. khylos juice (of plants, animals, etc.), from stem of khein to pour, gush forth, from PIE *ghus mo , from root *gheu to pour, pour a libation …   Etymology dictionary

  • chyle — ► NOUN Physiology ▪ a milky fluid which drains from the small intestine into the lymphatic system during digestion. DERIVATIVES chylous adjective. ORIGIN Greek kh los juice …   English terms dictionary

  • chyle — (chi l ) s. m. Terme de physiologie. Fluide qui, dans les intestins grêles, est séparé des aliments pendant l acte de la digestion, et que les vaisseaux dits chylifères pompent à la surface de l intestin, et portent dans le sang pour servir à sa… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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