Cholula

Cholula
/chaw looh"lah/, n.
a town in S Mexico, SE of Mexico City: ancient Aztec ruins. 20,913.

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Mexico
in full  Cholula de Riva Dabia 
 city, northwestern Puebla estado (state), central Mexico. It lies on the central plateau at 7,052 feet (2,149 metres) above sea level, just northwest of Puebla city, the state capital. Cholula (Nahuatl: “Place of Springs”), an important pre-Spanish-conquest town dedicated to the god Quetzalcóatl, is known for its many domed churches, for the Spaniards built a church on top of each native temple. The preservation of these religious structures has caused the city of Cholula to be recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1987. Cholula was a major centre of the preconquest Mesoamerican Indian culture as far back as the Early Classic Period (AD 100–600) and reached its maximum growth in the Late Classic Period (600–900). An imposing pyramid there of sun-dried bricks, the largest structure built by Mesoamerican Indians, dates from the Late Classic. The pyramid is 177 feet (54 metres) high and covers nearly 45 acres (18 hectares). Any historical data in the temple of Quetzalcóatl that once crowned the pyramid (now topped by the Christian chapel Nuestra Señora de los Remedios) was doubtless destroyed in 1519 by Hernán Cortés, who also massacred thousands of Cholulans before embarking on his march inland to conquer Montezuma's capital, Tenochtitlán. The Cholulans, who were makers and traders of textiles and pottery, were Nahuatl speakers and at the time of the conquest owed a nominal allegiance to Montezuma.

      In addition to its role as a pilgrimage and tourist centre, Cholula processes agricultural products—cereals, maguey (a Mexican agave), fruits, vegetables, and livestock. Wine and liquor are produced in the city, and there are flour and textile mills. It is the site of the University of the Americas (1940), which moved to Cholula from Mexico City in 1970. Cholula is accessible by railroad and highway. Pop. (2000) 99,794.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cholula — Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cholula — may refer to: Places Cholula (Mesoamerican site), a pre Columbian archaeological site in central Mexico, significant political center in the Classic and Postclassic eras of Mesoamerican chronology Great Pyramid of Cholula, the pyramid temple… …   Wikipedia

  • Cholula — es un topónimo de origen náhuatl que significa Lugar de los que huyeron. Designa a las siguientes localidades: Cholula, ciudad prehispánica en el valle de Puebla Tlaxcala (México). San Andrés Cholula, municipio del estado mexicano de Puebla. San… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cholula — es una ciudad del estado mexicano de Puebla, que alberga también los restos de una ciudad antigua, fundada hace 2 500 años. Forma parte de la Zona Metropolitana de la ciudad de Puebla, teniendo una población estimada de 100,000 habitantes. (Inegi …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cholúla — (spr. tscho , San Pedro), Stadt im mexikanischen Staat Puebla, 10 km westlich von Puebla, 2138 m ü. M., mit 7031 Einw., war zur Zeit Cortez sehr industriereich (Metall und Töpferwaren, Baumwollen und Agavezeuge), besonders aber Hauptsitz des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cholula — Cholūla (spr. tscho ), Stadt im mexik. Staate Puebla, (1900) 6899 E.; einst eine der blühendsten Städte des Aztekenreichs mit 150.000 E. und Hauptsitz des mexik. Religionskultus; zahlreiche Altertümer, darunter die berühmte abgestumpfte… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cholula — (Tscholula), mexikan. Stadt im Staate Puebla, 7014 über dem Meere, mit etwa 8000 E., zu Cortez Zeit die heilige Stadt der Azteken, mit vielleicht 100000 E., mehr als 300 Tempeln; von ihnen steht noch die große Pyramide von C., 172 hoch, 1356… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Cholula — [chō lo͞o′lə] town in central Mexico, near Puebla: site of Toltec and Aztec ruins: pop. 27,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Cholula — 19°3′33″N 98°18′10″O / 19.05917, 98.30278 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cholula — Cholụla   [tʃ ], amtlich Cholula de Rivadabia [ rriβa ȓaβi̯a], Stadt in Mexiko, 2 149 m über dem Meeresspiegel, im Nordwesten von Puebla, 28 000 Einwohner. Zeremonialzentrum der vorkolumbischen Zeit, das (zeitgleich mit Teotihuacán) 300 650 n.… …   Universal-Lexikon

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