chimera

chimera
/ki mear"euh, kuy-/, n., pl. chimeras.
1. (often cap.) a mythological, fire-breathing monster, commonly represented with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail.
2. any similarly grotesque monster having disparate parts, esp. as depicted in decorative art.
3. a horrible or unreal creature of the imagination; a vain or idle fancy: He is far different from the chimera your fears have made of him.
4. Genetics. an organism composed of two or more genetically distinct tissues, as an organism that is partly male and partly female, or an artificially produced individual having tissues of several species.
Also, chimaera.
[1350-1400; ME chimera < L chimaera < Gk chímaira she-goat; akin to ON gymbr, E gimmer ewe-lamb one year (i.e., one winter) old, L hiems winter (see HIEMAL), Gk cheimón winter]
Syn. 3. dream, fantasy, delusion.

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In Greek mythology, a fire-breathing female monster.

Its foreparts resembled a lion, its middle a goat, and its hindquarters a dragon. It devastated the land around Caria and Lycia until it was killed by Bellerophon. The word is now often used to denote a fantasy or a figment of the imagination.

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      in Greek mythology, a fire-breathing female monster resembling a lion in the forepart, a goat in the middle, and a dragon behind. She devastated Caria and Lycia until she was slain by Bellerophon. In art the Chimera is usually represented as a lion with a goat's head in the middle of its back and with a tail that ends in a snake's head. This matches the description found in Hesiod's Theogony (7th century BC). The word is now used generally to denote a fantastic idea or figment of the imagination.

      Chimera, or chimère, in architecture, is a term loosely used for any grotesque, fantastic, or imaginary beast used in decoration.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Chimera — Chime ra, n.; pl. {Chimeras}. [L. chimaera a chimera (in sense 1), Gr. ? a she goat, a chimera, fr. ? he goat; cf. Icel. qymbr a yearling ewe.] 1. (Myth.) A monster represented as vomiting flames, and as having the head of a lion, the body of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chimera — late 14c., from O.Fr. chimere or directly from M.L. chimera, from L. Chimaera, from Gk. khimaira, a fabulous monster (with a lion s head, a goat s body, and a serpent s tail), supposedly personification of snow or winter; originally year old she… …   Etymology dictionary

  • chimera — a word for a mythological fire breathing female monster, has (in addition to two biological meanings) a figurative meaning ‘a forlorn or illusory hope’. Chimera is the recommended spelling, not chimaera, and it is pronounced kiy mee rǝ. The… …   Modern English usage

  • Chimera — statusas T sritis gyvūnų raida, augimas, ontogenezė, embriologija atitikmenys: lot. Chimaera; Chimera ryšiai: platesnis terminas – nenormalumas …   Veterinarinės anatomijos, histologijos ir embriologijos terminai

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  • chimera — (also chimaera) ► NOUN 1) Greek Mythology a fire breathing female monster with a lion s head, a goat s body, and a serpent s tail. 2) something hoped for but illusory or impossible to achieve. 3) Biology an organism containing a mixture of… …   English terms dictionary

  • chimera — index figment, phantom Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • CHIMERA — navigii species, apud Paulum Diaconum, Miscell. l. 20. p. 625. et Anastasium Bibliothec. in Historia Eccles. p. 122. μυριοβόλα ibidem reddit Theophanes, μυροάγωγα habet Codex Peirescianus, apud Car. du Fresne Glossar. Vide in voce Chimaera …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • chimeră — CHIMÉRĂ s.f. v. himeră. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

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