/kal dee"euh/, n.
1. an ancient region in the lower Tigris and Euphrates valley, in S Babylonia.
2. Babylonia.
Also, Chaldaea.

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Ancient region, on the headwaters of the Euphrates River and adjacent to the Persian Gulf.

It was originally the southern part of Babylonia; the name Chaldea also has been used (especially in the Bible) to describe all of Babylonia after it was occupied by the Chaldeans, who established a Chaldean (or neo-Babylonian) dynasty с 625 BC. Under Nebuchadrezzar II, the empire expanded, subduing Judaea and capturing Jerusalem. It fell to the Persian Achaemenian dynasty in 539 BC.

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▪ ancient state, Middle East
also spelled  Chaldaea , Assyrian  Kaldu , Babylonian  Kasdu , Hebrew  Kasddim 

      land in southern Babylonia (modern southern Iraq) frequently mentioned in the Old Testament. Strictly speaking, the name should be applied to the land bordering the head of the Persian Gulf between the Arabian desert and the Euphrates delta.

      Chaldea is first mentioned in the annals of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (reigned 884/883–859 BC), though earlier documents referred to the same area as the “Sealand.” In 850 Shalmaneser III of Assyria raided Chaldea and reached the Persian Gulf, which he called the “Sea of Kaldu.” On the accession of Sargon II to the Assyrian throne (721), the Chaldean Marduk-apla-iddina II (the biblical Merodach-baladan (Merodach-Baladan II)), ruler of Bit-Yakin (a district of Chaldea), seized the Babylonian throne and, despite Assyrian opposition, held it from 721 to 710. He finally fled, however, and Bit-Yakin was placed under Assyrian control.

      With this decline of Assyrian power, a native governor, Nabopolassar, was able, in 625, to become king of Babylon by popular consent and to inaugurate a Chaldean dynasty that lasted until the Persian invasion of 539 BC. The prestige of his successors, Nebuchadrezzar II (reigned 605–562) and Nabonidus (reigned 556–539), was such that “Chaldean” became synonymous with “Babylonian.”

      “Chaldean” also was used by several ancient authors to denote the priests and other persons educated in the classical Babylonian literature, especially in traditions of astronomy and astrology.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Chaldea — Part of Babylonia, on the Persian Gulf, which eventually assumed control of the whole country, so that Chaldea and Babylon were interchangeable. The rulers of Babylonia best known through the OT were Merodachbaladan and Nebuchadnezzar, the… …   Dictionary of the Bible

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  • Chaldea — geographical name ancient region SW Asia on Euphrates River & Persian Gulf …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Chaldea — noun a nation in the southern portion of Babylonia, Lower Mesopotamia, lying chiefly on the right bank of the Euphrates, but commonly used to refer to the whole of the Mesopotamian plain. See Also: Chaldean …   Wiktionary

  • Chaldea —    The southern portion of Babylonia, Lower Mesopotamia, lying chiefly on the right bank of the Euphrates, but commonly used of the whole of the Mesopotamian plain. The Hebrew name is Kasdim, which is usually rendered Chaldeans (Jer. 50:10; 51:24 …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • CHALDEA —    ancient name for Babylonia …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Chaldea — n. ancient area and kingdom in south Mesopotamia in the lower Tigris and Euphrates valley (present day southern Iraq) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Chaldea — Chal•de•a or Chal•dae•a [[t]kælˈdi ə[/t]] n. 1) anh geg an ancient region in the lower Tigris and Euphrates valley, in S Babylonia 2) anh geg Babylonia …   From formal English to slang

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