/syooh"teuh/; Sp. /the"oo tah, se"-/, n.
a seaport and enclave of Spain in N Morocco, on the Strait of Gibraltar. 67,187.

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Arabic Sebta

Spanish enclave (pop., 2001: 137,916), North Africa.

A military station and seaport, it constitutes with Melilla an autonomous community of Spain with an area of 8 sq mi (20 sq km). The city is on a narrow isthmus that connects Jebel Musa (one of the Pillars of Hercules) to the mainland. Located in northern Morocco at the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar, it was successively colonized by Carthaginians, Greeks, and Romans. Long a flourishing trading town, it was taken by the Portuguese in 1415, and it passed to Spain in 1580. In 1995 the Spanish government approved statutes of autonomy for Ceuta.

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▪ autonomous area, Spain
      Spanish exclave, military post, and free port on the coast of Morocco, at the Mediterranean entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar (Gibraltar, Strait of). Though physically contiguous with Morocco, Ceuta is an autonomous city administered by Spain. Ceuta, Melilla (also an exclave), and other tiny islets along the coast of North Africa constitute the territories of Spanish North Africa. The city is on a narrow isthmus that connects Mount Hacho (one of the Pillars of Hercules) to the mainland.

      Successively colonized by Carthaginians, Greeks, and Romans, it became independent under the Byzantine governor Count Julian. Because of Ceuta's commercial importance in ivory, gold, and slaves, it was continually disputed until Portugal gained control (1415). The port passed to Spain in 1580 and was assigned to Spain in the Treaty of Lisbon (1688). At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War (1936), Gen. Francisco Franco dispatched an expedition to Spain from Ceuta. In 1995 the Spanish government approved statutes of autonomy for Ceuta, replacing the city council with an assembly similar to those of Spain's other autonomous communities.

      Five centuries of Spanish Christian occupation have given the place a European rather than Moorish appearance. (Only about a third of the population is Muslim.) Lying south of the isthmus, the port consists of a small bay enclosed by two breakwaters. With the construction of modern port facilities, Ceuta grew as a military, transport, and commercial centre. Ceuta is surrounded by a double fence with barbed wire to secure its borders. In 2006 the fence was raised and Ceuta's military personnel and number of weapons were increased. Even so, thousands of immigrants, mainly African refugees, unsuccessfully try to cross the border every year.

      Public administration is the city's main economic activity. Fishing and the drying and processing of the catch are important industries, as are brewing, metallurgy, and machine repairs. Tourism has gradually become significant. There is ferry service to Algeciras on the European side of the Strait of Gibraltar. A teacher-training college, business school, and administrative school are affiliated with the University of Granada. Pop. (2006 est.) city, 67,781.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • CEUTA — (Arabic Sebta), Spanish enclave on the northwest coast of Morocco, 16 miles dirctly south of Gibraltar. According to legend, it was founded by Shem, the son of Noah. During the Middle Ages Ceuta was one of the most important Mediterranean ports.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ceuta — es una ciudad autónoma española situada al norte de Marruecos a orillas del Mar Mediterraneo en el estrecho de Gibraltar. Ceuta, junto a Melilla, es reivindicada por Marruecos como parte de su territorio. * * * ► Ciudad española del N de África;… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ceuta —   [ θɛu̯ta, spanisch], arabisch Sẹbta, Hafenstadt an der marokkanischen Küste der Straße von Gibraltar, 67 600 Einwohner; steht unter spanischer Hoheit und gehört verwaltungsmäßig zur Provinz Cádiz. Ceuta liegt auf einer Halbinsel und gliedert… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cēuta — (spr. Dse uta), 1) Vorgebirge der Nordküste von Afrika, am Osteingange der Straße von Gibraltar; 2) Stadt ebendaselbst auf der gleichnamigen Halbinsel, die mit der Stadt stark befestigt ist, den Spaniern gehört u. ein eigenes Kriegsgouvernement… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ceuta — (spr. dsē uta), stark befestigte Hafenstadt und Hauptort der span. Presidios (s.d.) in Marokko, auf einer Halbinsel am Mittelmeer, Gibraltar gegenüber, ist Sitz eines Bischofs, eines Militärtribunals und der Zivilverwaltung, hat eine Kathedrale,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Céuta — Céūta, maur. Sebta, befestigte span. Stadt (Presidio) auf einer Halbinsel der Mittelmeerküste Marokkos, zur Prov. Cádiz gehörig, (1897) 12.862 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ceuta — (Se uta), Vorgebirge und Festung auf der Nordküste von Afrika, Gibraltar gegenüber, 10000 E.; portug. seit 1415, span. 1580, dient jetzt als Presidio (Deportationsplatz für Verbrecher) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ceuta — v. espagnole, sur la côte médit. du Maroc, face à Gibraltar; 19,3 km²; 71 403 hab. Port franc et port de voyageurs. Usine de dessalement de l eau de mer. Annexée par l Espagne en 1580, la ville fut déclarée port franc en 1956. Le Maroc la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ceuta — [syoot′ə; ] Sp [ thā′o͞o tä΄] Spanish enclave on the coast of Morocco, opposite Gibraltar: pop. 68,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Ceuta — Para otros usos de este término, véase Ceuta (desambiguación). Ceuta Ciudad autónoma de España …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ceuta — Sabtah redirects here. For the Biblical figure, see List of minor Biblical figures. For other uses, see Ceuta (disambiguation). Autonomous City of Ceuta Ciudad Autónoma de Ceuta   Autonomous city   …   Wikipedia

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