cascade

cascade
cascader, n.
/kas kayd"/, n., v., cascaded, cascading.
n.
1. a waterfall descending over a steep, rocky surface.
2. a series of shallow or steplike waterfalls, either natural or artificial.
3. anything that resembles a waterfall, esp. in seeming to flow or fall in abundance: a cascade of roses covering the wall.
4. (in a drain or sewer) a chain of steps for dissipating the momentum of falling water in a steep place in order to maintain a steady rate of flow.
5. an arrangement of a lightweight fabric in folds falling one over another in random or zigzag fashion.
6. a type of firework resembling a waterfall in effect.
7. Chem. a series of vessels, from each of which a fluid successively overflows to the next, thus presenting a large absorbing surface, as to a gas.
8. Elect. an arrangement of component devices, as electrolytic cells, each of which feeds into the next in succession.
9. Biochem. a series of reactions catalyzed by enzymes that are activated sequentially by successive products of the reactions, resulting in an amplification of the initial response.
v.i.
10. to fall in or like a cascade.
v.t.
11. to cause to fall in a cascade.
12. Elect. to arrange (components) in a cascade.
[1635-45; < F < It cascata, equiv. to casc(are) to fall ( < VL *casicare, equiv. to cas(us) fallen (ptp. of cadere) + -ica- formative v. suffix + -re inf. ending) + -ata -ADE1]

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      waterfall, especially a series of small falls, consisting of water descending over rocks or boulders. It may be natural or it may be artificial. The cascade has often been used as a feature of formal gardens.

      A garden cascade properly employs a natural supply of water and a sloping site; but the site is usually adapted artificially to take advantage of the stream, and sometimes a cascade that strives to appear natural is dependent on a head of water artificially created by pumps.

      Natural cascades can be the chief reason for a garden's existence in a particular place, as at Tivoli in central Italy, where the fall of the Aniene River was made into the garden of the Villa d'Este. Cascades can be used in architectural gardens in the form of water stairways, as at the Palazzo Farnese at Caprarola, Italy.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • cascade — [ kaskad ] n. f. • 1640; it. cascata, de cascare « tomber » 1 ♦ Chute d eau; succession de chutes d eau. ⇒ 1. cataracte, chute; cascatelle. Cascade naturelle. Cascade artificielle, en gradins. 2 ♦ Fig. Ce qui se produit par saccades, par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cascade — steht für: Cascade (Rebsorte), eine Rebsorte Cascade, ein Elementarteilchen, siehe Ξ Baryon Cascade (Seychellen), Ort auf den Seychellen Cascade ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Cascade (Colorado) Cascade (Idaho) Cascade… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cascade — Cascade, MT U.S. town in Montana Population (2000): 819 Housing Units (2000): 349 Land area (2000): 0.524368 sq. miles (1.358106 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.524368 sq. miles (1.358106 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • cascade — CASCADE. s. f. Chute d eau, soit que l eau tombe naturellement du haut d un rocher ou d une montagne, soit que la chute en ait été pratiquée par artifice. Une cascade naturelle. La rivière fait une cascade en cet endroit. La cascade de Tivoli.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Cascade, CO — Cascade Chipita Park, CO U.S. Census Designated Place in Colorado Population (2000): 1709 Housing Units (2000): 869 Land area (2000): 13.472744 sq. miles (34.894246 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.013957 sq. miles (0.036148 sq. km) Total area (2000) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cascade, WA — Cascade Fairwood, WA U.S. Census Designated Place in Washington Population (2000): 34580 Housing Units (2000): 13456 Land area (2000): 8.869959 sq. miles (22.973088 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000024 sq. miles (0.000062 sq. km) Total area (2000) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cascade — Cas*cade (k[a^]s*k[=a]d ), n. [F. cascade, fr. It. cascata, fr. cascare to fall.] A fall of water over a precipice, as in a river or brook; a waterfall less than a cataract. [1913 Webster] The silver brook . . . pours the white cascade.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cascade — (Dinner Plain,Австралия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 75 Big Muster Drive, 389 …   Каталог отелей

  • Cascade — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cascade es uno de los veinticinco districtos administrativos de Seychelles, situado en la isla Mahé, la isla principal del país. Bordea la costa del este de la isla y tiene una superficie de tan solo diez kilómetros… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cascade, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 1958 Housing Units (2000): 820 Land area (2000): 1.131037 sq. miles (2.929371 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.131037 sq. miles (2.929371 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cascade, ID — U.S. city in Idaho Population (2000): 997 Housing Units (2000): 562 Land area (2000): 3.614463 sq. miles (9.361415 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.587689 sq. miles (1.522107 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.202152 sq. miles (10.883522 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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