Calvary

Calvary
/kal"veuh ree/, n., pl. Calvaries for 2, 3.
1. Golgotha, the place where Jesus was crucified. Luke 23:33.
2. (often l.c.) a sculptured representation of the Crucifixion, usually erected in the open air.
3. (l.c.) an experience or occasion of extreme suffering, esp. mental suffering.
[ < LL Calvaria Calvary < L calvaria a skull, used to translate Gk kraníon CRANIUM, itself a trans. of the Aramaic name; see GOLGOTHA]

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Hill in Jerusalem.

The purported site of Jesus' Crucifixion, the hill was outside the Old City walls of Jerusalem and near the sepulchre where Jesus was said to have been afterward interred. Its exact location is uncertain, but most scholars prefer either the spot now covered by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre or a hillock called Gordon's Calvary north of the Damascus Gate.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Calvary — Cal va*ry (k[a^]l v[.a]*r[y^]), n. [L. calvaria a bare skull, fr. calva the scalp without hair. fr. calvus bald; cf. F. calvaire.] 1. The place where Christ was crucified, on a small hill outside of Jerusalem. Luke xxiii. 33. [1913 Webster] Note …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Calvary — the Roman name for the place near Jerusalem where, according to the Bible, Jesus Christ died by being crucified. Its Aramaic name was Golgotha …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Calvary — name of the mount of the Crucifixion, late 14c., from L. Calvaria, translating Aramaic gulgulta place of the skull (see GOLGOTHA (Cf. Golgotha)). Rendered literally in O.E. as Heafodpannan stow. Latin Calvaria is related to calvus bald …   Etymology dictionary

  • Calvary — [kal′və rē] n. pl. calvaries [LL(Ec) Calvaria < L, skull (see CALVARIUM): used to translate Gr kranion, skull (see CRANIUM) & by the Evangelists to transl. Aram gūlgūlthā, GOLGOTHA] 1. Bible the place near Jerusalem where the crucifixion of… …   English World dictionary

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