/kal"veuh ree/, n., pl. Calvaries for 2, 3.
1. Golgotha, the place where Jesus was crucified. Luke 23:33.
2. (often l.c.) a sculptured representation of the Crucifixion, usually erected in the open air.
3. (l.c.) an experience or occasion of extreme suffering, esp. mental suffering.
[ < LL Calvaria Calvary < L calvaria a skull, used to translate Gk kraníon CRANIUM, itself a trans. of the Aramaic name; see GOLGOTHA]

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Hill in Jerusalem.

The purported site of Jesus' Crucifixion, the hill was outside the Old City walls of Jerusalem and near the sepulchre where Jesus was said to have been afterward interred. Its exact location is uncertain, but most scholars prefer either the spot now covered by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre or a hillock called Gordon's Calvary north of the Damascus Gate.

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Universalium. 2010.

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