/keuh diz", kay"diz/; Sp. /kah"dheeth, -dhees/, n.a seaport in SW Spain, on a bay of the Atlantic (Gulf of Cádiz). 135,743.
* * *Located on a peninsula in the Bay of Cádiz northwest of Gibraltar, it is the main seaport of Cádiz province in Andalusia. Founded as Gadir by Phoenicians from Tyre с 1100 BC, it was later ruled by Carthage, Rome (as Gades), and the Visigoths. It was held by the Moors beginning in AD 711. In 1262 Cádiz was captured by Alfonso X of Castile-León. The city enjoyed great prosperity as a centre for Spanish trade with the American colonies in the 16th–18th centuries (see Sevilla). It now has naval and mercantile shipbuilding yards.
* * *chartered city and port, northern Negros Island, Philippines. It is one of five chartered cities and one of the principal ports on the island where most of the country's sugar is grown and refined and where fishing is a major industry. Herring, anchovy, round scad, and mackerel are caught. Cadiz fronts north on the Visayan Sea and lies some 40 miles (65 km) northeast of the island's largest city, Bacolod, another major fishing port and sugar town. It is connected to Bacolod and other coastal cities by a road that nearly circles the island. Inc. city, 1967. Pop. (2000) 141,954.
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