bushmaster

bushmaster
/boosh"mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n.
a pit viper, Lachesis muta, of tropical America, that grows to a length of 12 ft. (3.6 m).
[1820-30; BUSH1 + MASTER]

* * *

Species (Lachesis muta) of pit viper, found in scrublands and forests from Costa Rica south to the Amazon River basin.

It is normally about 6 ft (1.8 m) long but reportedly may grow to twice this length. It is pinkish or tan, marked with large, dark, diamond-shaped blotches. Though seldom encountered, the bushmaster is potentially lethal.

* * *

snake
 the longest venomous snake in the New World, found in scrublands and forests from the Amazon River basin north to Costa Rica. Three species of bushmaster (L. muta, L. stenophrys, and L. melanocephala) are known to exist, and they normally measure about 1.8 metres (6 feet) long but may grow to as long as 3 metres (10 feet). These large snakes are reddish brown to pinkish gray in colour, matching their forest floor habitats, and they may bear x-like or diamond patterns across the back. Although seldom encountered, the bushmaster is dangerous, with a potentially lethal venom.

      The bushmaster is a pit viper (subfamily Crotalinae). Infrared pits, located between the eyes and nostrils, are used to “smell” prey, which consists mostly of small rodents. Prey is swallowed head-first, but the snake will bite and then release larger or more dangerous prey. In this type of attack, their eyes and pits are well protected by folds of skin.

      A bushmaster may coil for several weeks at one site, waiting to ambush prey along routes of travel, such as fallen limbs, buttresses of trees, or trails along the ground. This snake can survive on fewer than 10 large meals per year. It is the only pit viper in the Americas to lay eggs (instead of bearing live young), and females may remain with the eggs for a time before they hatch.

      Common tropical American vipers (family Viperidae) related to the bushmaster include the eyelash viper (Bothriechis schlegelii), the fer-de-lances (fer-de-lance) (Bothrops), and the hog-nosed vipers (Porthidium).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bushmaster — bezeichnet: die Maschinenkanone M242 Bushmaster die Maschinenkanone Bushmaster II die Maschinenkanone Bushmaster III das Sturmgewehr Bushmaster ACR den Radpanzer Bushmaster Protected Mobility Vehicle die englische Bezeichnung für die vier… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bushmaster — est un super vilain appartenant à l univers de Marvel Comics. Il est apparu pour la première fois dans Captain America #310, en 1985. Origine Quincy McIver était un petit voyou qui perdit ses membres lors d un accident de bateau, alors qu il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bushmaster — may refer to: TOCrightnakes* Any member of the genus Lachesis ; a group of large, venomous pitvipers found in Central and South America.Military* The Bushmaster Firearms International, LLC, an American firearms manufacturer. * M242 Bushmaster, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Bushmaster II — Maschinenkanone auf finnischem CV90 Die Mk 44 Bushmaster II ist ein Abkömmling der einläufigen M242 Bushmaster Chain Gun Maschinenkanone. Die Mk 44 besitzt 70 % der Teile der M242. Der Hauptunterschied ist das Kaliber von 30 mm bei der Mk44… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bushmaster — [boosh′mas΄tər] n. a pit viper (Lachesis muta) of Central and South America: the largest venomous snake in the New World …   English World dictionary

  • Bushmaster — …   Википедия

  • Bushmaster II — The Mk 44 Bushmaster II is a derivative of the M242 Bushmaster cannon. The main difference is their caliber 30 mm vs. 25 mm respectively, the barrel is chrome plated for extended life. It uses some 70% of the same parts as the M242 while… …   Wikipedia

  • Bushmaster (Marvel Comics) — Bushmaster is the name of two Marvel Comics supervillains, who happen to be brothers of each other. Bushmaster (John McIver) Superherobox comic color=background:#ff8080 caption= character name=Bushmaster I real name= John McIver publisher=Marvel… …   Wikipedia

  • Bushmaster ACR — Allgemeine Information Entwickler/Hersteller: Magpul Industries / Bush …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bushmaster BA50 — Allgemeine Information Zivile Bezeichnung: BA50 Entwickler/Hersteller: Cobb Manufacturing Inc./Bushmaster Firearms International Herstellerland: USA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”