bugbane

bugbane
/bug"bayn'/, n.
any of several tall, erect plants belonging to the genus Cimicifuga, of the buttercup family, as C. americana, of the eastern U.S., having loose, elongated clusters of white flowers.
[1795-1805; BUG1 + BANE; so called because it supposedly repels insects]

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herb
also called  Rattletop 

      any of about 15 species of tall perennial herb constituting the genus Cimicifuga of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae) native to North Temperate woodlands. They are said to put bugs to flight by the rustling of their dried seed heads.

 In North America the American bugbane, or summer cohosh (C. americana), about 120 cm (4 feet) tall, and the black cohosh, or black snakeroot (C. racemosa; see photograph—>), about 180 cm (5.91 feet) tall, have roots that have been used medicinally. C. foetida, native to Europe and Siberia, is used medicinally by the Chinese. These species are sometimes grown in the shady woodland garden for their whitish branched flower stalks that rise strikingly above the large, divided leaves.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bugbane — Bug bane , n. (Bot.) A perennial white flowered herb of the order {Ranunculace[ae]} and genus {Cimiciguga}; bugwort. There are several species. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bugbane — [bug′bān΄] n. any of a genus (Cimicifuga) of perennial plants of the buttercup family, with long spikes of small white flowers whose offensive odor is supposed to repel insects …   English World dictionary

  • bugbane — noun 1. North American plant having large leaves and yellowish green flowers growing in racemes; yields a toxic alkaloid used medicinally • Syn: ↑white hellebore, ↑American hellebore, ↑Indian poke, ↑Veratrum viride • Hypernyms: ↑hellebore, ↑false …   Useful english dictionary

  • bugbane — blakinė juodžolė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Vėdryninių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis augalas (Actaea cimicifuga), paplitęs rytų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Actaea cimicifuga angl. bugbane; Chinese cimicifuga; foetid bugbane šaltinis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • bugbane — dvokiančioji blakėžudė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Vėdryninių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis augalas (Cimicifuga foetida), paplitęs rytų ir pietų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Cimicifuga foetida angl. bugbane; Chinese cimicifuga; foetid… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • bugbane — noun Date: 1804 any of several perennial herbs (genus Cimicifuga) of the buttercup family; especially black cohosh …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • bugbane — noun The baneberry …   Wiktionary

  • bugbane — bug·bane bəg .bān n a plant of the genus Cimicifuga esp BLACK COHOSH …   Medical dictionary

  • bugbane — noun a tall plant with spikes of cream or yellow flowers and fern like leaves, formerly used to drive away bedbugs. [Cimifuga foetida and related species.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • bugbane — bug•bane [[t]ˈbʌgˌbeɪn[/t]] n. pln any of several tall E North American plants of the genus Cimicifuga, of the buttercup family, bearing erect spikes of white flowers that exude an unpleasant odor • Etymology: 1795–1805 …   From formal English to slang

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