- Buckingham Palace
1. a residence of the British sovereigns since 1837, in London, England: built 1703.2. the reigning British monarch or the royal family: Buckingham Palace has denied the rumor.
* * *London residence of the British sovereign.It takes its name from the house built there early in the 18th century for the dukes of Buckingham. Victoria was the first sovereign to live there. John Nash began the reconstruction of Buckingham House as a Neoclassical palace in 1821, but was not allowed to finish. His garden front remains virtually unchanged, but the Mall front was redesigned in 1913 by Sir Aston Webb (1849–1930) as a background for the Queen Victoria Memorial statue.
* * *palace and London residence of the British sovereign. It is situated within the borough of Westminster (Westminster, City of). The palace takes its name from the house built (c. 1705) for John Sheffield, duke of Buckingham (Buckingham and Normanby, John Sheffield, 1st duke of, 3rd Earl Of Mulgrave). It was bought in 1762 by George III for his wife, Queen Charlotte, and became known as the queen's house. By order of George IV, John Nash (Nash, John) initiated the conversion of the house into a palace in the 1820s. Nash also reshaped the Buckingham Palace Gardens and designed the Marble Arch entryway, which was later removed (1851) to the northeast corner of Hyde Park. The Mall front, or Fore Court (east side), was expanded in 1847 by Edward Blore and redesigned in 1913 by Sir Aston Webb as a background for the Queen Victoria Memorial statue. Nash's garden front (west side) remains virtually unchanged. Victoria was the first sovereign to live there (from 1837).Within the palace the Queen's Gallery exhibits works from the royal art collection, including Fabergé (Fabergé, Peter Carl) eggs and drawings by Leonardo da Vinci. The changing of the guard takes place regularly (generally every morning from May through July and every other morning during the rest of the year), but the royal standard is flown over the palace only when the sovereign is in residence. Traditionally closed to the public, the State Rooms of the palace were opened to tourists during August and September in the mid-1990s in order to finance repairs to Windsor Castle, which was damaged by fire in 1992.Since the mid-18th century the Royal Mews (stables and coach houses with living quarters above) have been located on the palace grounds; the current buildings date from 1824–25. Within the mews are the luxurious motorcars, dozens of carriages, and horses that figure prominently in royal processions and ceremonies. Notable among the carriages are the Gold State Coach (1762), the Irish State Coach (1852), and the Glass State Coach (1910).Leading northeast from the palace and the Queen Victoria Memorial, the straight avenue of the Mall divides St. James's Park (Saint James) from Green Park, skirts the grounds of St. James's Palace (Saint James), and eventually reaches the Admiralty Arch, gateway to Charing Cross.
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