/brooh"seen, -sin/, n. Chem.
a white, crystalline, bitter, slightly water-soluble, very poisonous alkaloid, C23H26N2O4, obtained from the nux vomica tree Strychnos nux-vomica, and from other species of the same genus, resembling but not as powerful as strychnine in its pharmacological action: used chiefly in the denaturation of alcohol.
[1815-25; named after J. Bruce (1730-94), Scottish explorer; see -INE2]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Brucine — Structure Général Synonymes 2,3 diméthoxy strychnine No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • brucine — [ brysin ] n. f. • 1819; du lat. brucea, anc. nom d un arbuste abyssin découvert par J. Bruce ♦ Biochim. Alcaloïde voisin de la strychnine, extrait de la noix vomique. ● brucine nom féminin (de J. Bruce, nom propre) Alcaloïde extrait de la noix… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brucine — Bru cine, n. [Cf. F. brucine, fr. James Bruce, a Scottish traveler.] (Chem.) A powerful vegetable alkaloid, found, associated with strychnine, in the seeds of different species of {Strychnos}, especially in the {Nux vomica}. It is less powerful… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brucine — [bro͞o′sēn΄, bro͞o′sin] n. [after J. Bruce (1730 94), Scot explorer] a bitter, poisonous alkaloid, C23H26N2O4, found in seeds of nux vomica and other related plants: used as a lubricant additive and, in medicine, as a local anesthetic …   English World dictionary

  • Brucine — Chembox new ImageFile=brucine.svg ImageSize=200px IUPACName= OtherNames=2,3 Dimethoxystrychnine 10,11 Dimethoxystrychnine Section1= Chembox Identifiers CASNo=357 57 3 PubChem=442021 SMILES=COC1=C(C=C2C(=C1) [C@] 34C CN5 [C@H] 3C [C@@H] 6 [C@@H] 7 …   Wikipedia

  • brucine — An alkaloid from Strychnos nux vomica and S. ignatii (family Loganiaceae), that produces paralysis of sensory nerves and peripheral motor nerves; the convulsive action which is characteristic of strychnine is almost entirely absent; formerly used …   Medical dictionary

  • brucine — (bru si n ) s. f. Terme de chimie. Nom d un alcaloïde qu on nomme présentement vomicine (voy. vomicine). ÉTYMOLOGIE    Brucée (brucea antidysenterica), d où on croyait à tort que provenait la fausse angusture, qui fournit la brucine …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • brucine — brucinas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Alkaloidas. formulė C₂₃H₂₆N₂O₄ atitikmenys: angl. brucine rus. бруцин ryšiai: sinonimas – 2,3 dimetoksistrichninas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • brucine — noun Etymology: probably from French, from New Latin Brucea, genus name of Brucea antidysenterica, a shrub Date: 1823 a poisonous alkaloid C23H26N2O4 found with strychnine especially in nux vomica …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • brucine — noun An alkaloid, related to strychnine, found in nux vomica …   Wiktionary

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