boxfish

boxfish
/boks"fish'/, n., pl. boxfishes, (esp. collectively) boxfish.
trunkfish.
[1830-40; BOX1 + FISH]

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fish
also called  trunkfish , or  cowfish 
 any of a small group of shallow-water marine fishes of the family Ostraciontidae (or Ostraciidae), distinguished by a hard, boxlike, protective carapace covering most of the body. The alternative name cowfish refers to the hornlike projections on the heads of some species. The members of the family, found along the bottom in warm and tropical seas throughout the world, are considered good to eat and are often dried as curios.

      Except for the eyes, the low-set mouth, and the fins and tail, boxfishes are encased in the rigid carapace. This covering consists of fused plates, and in cross section, depending on the species of fish, it takes the shape of a rough triangle, square, or pentagon. Boxfishes are often very attractively coloured. They are small, the largest growing to about 50 cm (20 inches) long. When captured and handled, boxfishes exude a toxic substance that can kill other fishes kept with them.

      Related to the boxfishes are the keeled boxfishes of the family Aracanidae. These fishes also have a carapace, but there is a keel along the underside and openings behind the dorsal and anal fins. The members of this group are found from Japan to Australia.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boxfish — Box fish , n. (Zo[ o]l.) The trunkfish. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Boxfish — Taxobox name = Boxfishes image caption = Honeycomb cowfish, Acanthostracion polygonius . regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Actinopterygii ordo = Tetraodontiformes familia = Ostraciidae subdivision ranks = Genera subdivision = See text …   Wikipedia

  • boxfish — Trunkfish Trunk fish , n. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several species of plectognath fishes, belonging to the genus {Ostracion}, or the family {Ostraciontid[ae]}, having an angular body covered with a rigid integument consisting of bony scales. Some of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • boxfish — noun Any of the family Ostraciidae of squared, bony fish, closely related to the pufferfish and filefish …   Wiktionary

  • boxfish — noun (plural same or boxfishes) a tropical marine fish with a shell of bony plates covered in spines enclosing the body. [Tetrosomus gibbosus and other species.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • boxfish —   Makukana, pahu …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

  • boxfish — noun any of numerous small tropical fishes having body and head encased in bony plates • Syn: ↑trunkfish • Hypernyms: ↑plectognath, ↑plectognath fish • Hyponyms: ↑cowfish, ↑Lactophrys quadricornis …   Useful english dictionary

  • Yellow boxfish — Yellow boxfish, Ostracion cubicus Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • black-spotted boxfish — juodadėmė dėžiažuvė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Ostracion tuberculatus angl. black spotted boxfish; blue spotted boxfish; ocellated boxfish rus. бугорчатый кузовок ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • blue-spotted boxfish — juodadėmė dėžiažuvė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Ostracion tuberculatus angl. black spotted boxfish; blue spotted boxfish; ocellated boxfish rus. бугорчатый кузовок ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

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