/booh dik"euh/, n.

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died AD 60

Ancient British queen.

When her husband, a Roman client king of the Iceni, died in AD 60, he left his estate to his daughters and the emperor Nero, hoping for protection. Instead the Romans annexed his kingdom and mistreated his family and tribesmen. Boudicca raised a rebellion in East Anglia, burning Camulodunum (Colchester), Verulamium (St. Albans), and part of Londinium (London) and military posts; according to Tacitus, her forces massacred up to 70,000 Romans and pro-Roman Britons and destroyed the Roman 9th Legion. She is thought to have taken poison or died of shock when the Roman governor rallied his troops and destroyed her huge army.

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▪ queen of Britain
also spelled  Boadicea  or  Boudica 
died AD 60

      ancient British queen who in AD 60 led a revolt against Roman rule.

      Boudicca's husband, Prasutagus, was king of the Iceni (in what is now Norfolk) as a client under Roman suzerainty. When Prasutagus died in 60 with no male heir, he left his private wealth to his two daughters and to the emperor Nero, trusting thereby to win imperial protection for his family. Instead, the Romans annexed his kingdom, humiliated his family, and plundered the chief tribesmen. While the provincial governor Suetonius Paulinus was absent in 60, Boudicca raised a rebellion throughout East Anglia. The insurgents burned Camulodunum (Colchester), Verulamium (St. Albans), the mart of Londinium (London), and several military posts; massacred (according to Tacitus) 70,000 Romans and pro-Roman Britons; and cut to pieces the Roman 9th Legion. Paulinus met the Britons at a point thought to be near present-day Fenny Stratford on Watling Street and in a desperate battle regained the province. Boudicca took poison or died of shock.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Boudicca — Boudicca, brit. Fürstin, leitete 61 n. Chr. die Erhebung gegen Rom, gab sich nach dem Siege der Römer unter Suetonius Paulinus selbst den Tod …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Boudicca — [bo͞o dik′ə] died A.D. 62; queen of the Iceni in ancient Britain, who led a vain revolt against the Romans (A.D. 61) …   English World dictionary

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  • Boudicca — /booh dik euh/, n. Boadicea. * * * Boudicca [Boudicca] (also Boadicea) (died AD 62) the queen of the Iceni tribe of eastern Britain when it was part of the Roman Empire. She led the Iceni against the Romans and destroyed several of their camps.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Boudicca — also Boadicea biographical name died A.D. 60 ancient British queen …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Boudicca — Bou|dic|ca also Boadicea (died AD 60) the Queen of the Iceni people of eastern Britain, who led them in battle against the Romans …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Boudicca —  (d. ad 62) is now the more common spelling for the Celtic queen traditionally known as Boadicea. Queen of the Iceni, she led an unsuccessful revolt against the Romans …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Boudicca — n. (26 A.D. 60/61 A.D.?) Boadicea, ancient British queen of the Iceni and leader of an unavailing insurrection against the Romans in Britain in 60 A.D …   English contemporary dictionary

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