blue whale

blue whale
a migratory baleen whale, Balaenoptera musculus, mostly of oceans and seas in the Southern Hemisphere, growing to a length of 100 ft. (30.5 m) and having a furrowed, slate-blue skin mottled with lighter spots, in some seas acquiring a yellowish coating of diatoms on the underside: the largest mammal ever known, it is now endangered. Also called sulfur-bottom.

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Mottled, blue-gray baleen whale (Balaenoptera musculus), also called sulfur-bottom whale because of the yellowish diatoms on some individuals.

The largest of all animals, the blue whale reaches a maximum length of about 100 ft (30 m) and a maximum weight of 150 tons (136,000 kg). It is found alone or in small groups in all oceans. In summer it feeds on krill in polar waters, and in winter it moves toward the equator to breed. It was once the most important of the commercially hunted baleen whales, and its populations were greatly reduced. Listed as an endangered species, it is now protected.

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also called  sulfur-bottom whale 
 the most massive animal ever to have lived, a species of baleen whale that weighs approximately 150 tons and may attain a length of more than 30 metres (98 feet). The largest accurately measured blue whale was a 29.5-metre female that weighed 180 metric tons (nearly 200 short [U.S.] tons), but there are reports of 33-metre catches that may have reached 200 metric tons. The heart of one blue whale was recorded at nearly 700 kg (about 1,500 pounds).

      This cetacean is blue-gray in colour with lighter gray mottling in the form of large spots, which appear as if they were dabbed on with a huge paintbrush. The lower surfaces of the flippers are lighter gray or white in some instances. The blue whale has been called the “sulfur-bottom” because of the yellowish underside of some individuals; this coloration is imparted by certain algae (diatoms (diatom)) living on the whale's body. The blue whale has a wide head, a small dorsal fin located near the fluke, and 80–100 long grooves running lengthwise down the throat and chest. Its mouth contains up to 400 plates of short, wide, black baleen, or “whalebone,” with thick, coarse bristles used for catching food. Females are generally larger than males, and the largest animals live in the Southern Ocean around Antarctica.

      The blue whale is found alone or in small groups in all oceans, but populations in the Southern Hemisphere are much larger. In the Northern Hemisphere, blue whales can be seen regularly in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and off the coasts of Monterey, California, and Baja California, Mexico. They spend the summer in polar waters, feeding on shrimplike crustaceans (crustacean) called krill; a single adult blue may consume as much as eight tons of krill per day. In the winter blue whales move toward the Equator to breed. After a gestation of about 12 months, one calf about 8 metres long is born in temperate waters. While nursing, calves gain up to 90 kg per day on the rich milk of their mothers. Young are weaned after 7 to 8 months, when they have reached a length of about 15 metres.

      Once the most important of the commercially hunted baleen whales, the blue whale was greatly reduced in numbers during the first half of the 20th century. In the 1930–31 season alone the worldwide kill of blue whales exceeded 29,000. The species has been protected from commercial whaling since the mid-1960s, but populations of blue whales are still small (several thousand), and they are an endangered species.

      The blue whale is classified scientifically as a rorqual (family Balaenopteridae) related to the gray whale (family Eschrichtiidae) and the right whales (right whale) (Balaenidae and Neobalaenidae) of the baleen whale suborder, Mysticeti.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • blue whale — blue′ whale′ n. mam a baleen whale, Balaenoptera musculus, having furrowed, slate blue skin: at up to 100 ft. (30.5 m) long, the largest mammal ever known • Etymology: 1850–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • blue whale — n. a rorqual (Balaenoptera musculus) with a blue gray back: the largest animal that has ever lived, reaching a length of over 30 m (100 ft) and weighing up to 136,000 kg ( c. 150 tons) …   English World dictionary

  • blue whale — ► NOUN ▪ a bluish grey rorqual which is the largest living animal …   English terms dictionary

  • Blue Whale — Taxobox name = Blue WhaleMSW3 Mead | pages = 725] status = EN status system = iucn3.1 status ref =IUCN2008|assessors=Reilly, S.B., Bannister, J.L., Best, P.B., Brown, M., Brownell Jr., R.L., Butterworth, D.S., Clapham, P.J., Cooke, J., Donovan, G …   Wikipedia

  • blue whale — noun largest mammal ever known; bluish grey migratory whalebone whale mostly of southern hemisphere • Syn: ↑sulfur bottom, ↑Balaenoptera musculus • Hypernyms: ↑baleen whale, ↑whalebone whale • Member Holonyms: ↑Balaenopter …   Useful english dictionary

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