bloat

bloat
/bloht/, v.t.
1. to expand or distend, as with air, water, etc.; cause to swell: Overeating bloated their bellies.
2. to puff up; make vain or conceited: The promotion has bloated his ego to an alarming degree.
3. to cure (fishes) as bloaters.
v.i.
4. to become swollen; be puffed out or dilated: The carcass started to bloat.
n.
5. Also called hoven. Vet. Pathol. (in cattle, sheep, and horses) a distention of the rumen or paunch or of the large colon by gases of fermentation, caused by eating ravenously of green forage, esp. legumes.
6. a person or thing that is bloated.
7. bloater (defs. 1, 2).
[1250-1300; earlier bloat (adj.) soft, puffy, ME blout < ON blautr wet, soft]
Syn. 1. swell, inflate, enlarge, balloon.

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also called  hoven  or  ruminal tympany 

      disorder of ruminant animals involving distention of the rumen, the first of the four divisions of the stomach, with gas of fermentation. Bloated cattle are restless and noticeably uncomfortable and have distended left flanks. Bloat often occurs in cattle that have grazed young, lush legumes such as clover or ingested large amounts of concentrate rations. Though deaths have occurred, economic losses from bloat usually derive from reduction in milk production and weight-gain rate. Treatment involves administration of antifoaming agents and relief of pressure by passage of a stomach tube via the esophagus.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bloat — is a medical condition in which the stomach becomes overstretched by excessive gas content. It is also commonly referred to as torsion, gastric torsion, and gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) when the stomach is also twisted. The word bloat is… …   Wikipedia

  • bloat — bloat; bloat·ed·ness; bloat·ed; bloat·er; …   English syllables

  • bloat — blōt vt : to make turgid: a) to produce edema in b) to cause or result in accumulation of gas in the digestive tract of <cucumbers sometimes bloat me> c) to cause abdominal distension in vi to become turgid bloat n 1) a digestive… …   Medical dictionary

  • Bloat — (bl[=o]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bloated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Bloating}.] [Cf. Icel. blotna to become soft, blautr soft, wet, Sw. bl[ o]t soft, bl[ o]ta to soak; akin to G. bloss bare, and AS. ble[ a]t wretched; or perh. fr. root of Eng. 5th blow.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bloat — Bloat, v. i. To grow turgid as by effusion of liquid in the cellular tissue; to puff out; to swell. Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bloat — Bloat, a. Bloated. [R.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bloat — Bloat, n. A term of contempt for a worthless, dissipated fellow. [Slang] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bloat — Bloat, v. t. To dry (herrings) in smoke. See {Blote}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bloat — index inflate, spread Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • bloat — [v] blow up like a balloon balloon, belly, bilge, billow, dilate, distend, enlarge, expand, inflate, puff up, swell; concepts 184,208 Ant. deflate, shrink, shrivel, tighten …   New thesaurus

  • bloat — ► VERB ▪ cause to swell with fluid or gas. DERIVATIVES bloated adjective. ORIGIN perhaps from an Old Norse word meaning soft, flabby …   English terms dictionary

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