bitters

bitters
/bit"euhrz/, n. (used with a pl. v.)
1. a liquid, often an alcoholic liquor, in which bitter herbs or roots have steeped, used as a flavoring, esp. in mixed drinks, or as a tonic.
2. Pharm.
a. a liquid, usually alcoholic, impregnated with a bitter medicine, as gentian or quassia, used to increase the appetite or as a tonic.
b. bitter medicinal substances in general, as quinine.
[1705-15; BITTER + -S3]

* * *

      any of numerous aromatized and often alcoholic liquids containing bitter substances (chiefly alkaloids, glycosides, or complexes), used as tonics, liqueurs, appetizers, digestives, flavourings, and ingredients to add tang or smoothness to alcoholic drinks. Bitters are prepared according to secret recipes by several manufacturers using bitter herbs, leaves, fruits, seeds, or roots and sometimes alcohol or sugar. The taste is imparted by substances such as orange peel, gentian root, rhubarb root, hop flowers, quassia-wood chips, cascarilla, cinchona bark, and quinine. Aroma is provided by juniper, cinnamon, caraway, anise, nutmeg, camomile, cloves, and other flavouring agents. Bitters are usually named according to the ingredient giving the predominant flavour, such as orange bitters and peach bitters. The alcoholic strength varies but is generally about 40 percent by volume.

      Medicinal bitters, few in number and of minor therapeutic value, include compound tinctures of absinthe and of aloes. Early Hebrew history records the addition of sweet-scented or bitter herbs to wine in order to improve and give variety to the flavour. The preparation of aromatic liqueurs originated in France around 1533, and their use spread quickly over the world.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bitters — Bit ters, n. pl. A liquor, generally spirituous in which a bitter herb, leaf, or root is steeped. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bitters — 1713, from BITTER (Cf. bitter). So called for its taste …   Etymology dictionary

  • bitters — [bit′ərz] pl.n. a liquor containing bitter herbs, roots, etc. and usually alcohol, used as a medicine or tonic and as an ingredient in some cocktails …   English World dictionary

  • Bitters — A bitters is an alcoholic beverage prepared with herbs and citrus dissolved in alcohol or glycerine and having a bitter or bittersweet flavor. There are numerous brands of bitters, which were formerly marketed as patent medicines but are now… …   Wikipedia

  • Bitters — Amer (apéritif) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Amer. L amer (appelé aussi amère ou bitter) est une liqueur apéritive fabriquée à partir de l infusion de plantes amères. Certains amers sont des ingrédients dans différents cocktails. Les plantes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bitters End — Infobox Song Name = Bitters End Artist = Roxy Music Album = Roxy Music Released= June 1972 track no = 10 Recorded = 27 29 March 1972 at Command Studios, London Genre = Art/Glam rock Length = 2:03 Writer = Bryan Ferry [Label =] Producer = Peter… …   Wikipedia

  • Bitters and Blue Ruin — Infobox Film name = Bitters and Blue Ruin image size = caption = director = Sean Kelley producer = Scott Elwell writer = Scott Elwell Sean Kelley narrator = starring = music = Cermit Fluffi cinematography = Krista Mazzeo editing = Sean Kelley… …   Wikipedia

  • bitters — noun A liquid used in mixed drinks or as a tonic into which bitter herbs have been steeped, (can also be found in powdered form for adding to mixed drinks) …   Wiktionary

  • bitters — 1. An alcoholic liquor in which bitter vegetable substances ( e.g., quinine, gentian) have been steeped. 2. Bitter vegetable drugs ( e.g., quassia, gentian, cinchona), usually used as tonics. SYN: amara. aromatic b. b. with a pleasant …   Medical dictionary

  • Bitters — Bịtters   [englisch], Singular Bịtter der, s, deutsch Bittere, Bitterstoffe enthaltende Spirituosen mit (in Deutschland) mindestens 32 Volumenprozent Alkohol; von appetitanregender und verdauungsfördernder Wirkung …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”