bitterling

bitterling
/bit"euhr ling/, n.
a cyprinid fish, Rhodeus sericeus, found in central and eastern Europe, the female of which has a long, bright yellow or red ovipositor to deposit eggs in the mantle cavity of mussels.
[1875-80; < G, equiv. to bitter BITTER + -ling -LING1]

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fish
      (Rhodeus), any of several small, carplike fish of the family Cyprinidae noted for their unusual manner of breeding. Native to clear, stony streams of central and southern Europe, the bitterling is a silvery fish of little economic value, about 5 to 7.5 centimetres (2 to 3 inches) long. It spawns between April and June. At this time, the male develops an orange belly and reddish fins, while the female develops a long, tubular ovipositor, which inserts into the incurrent respiratory siphon of a freshwater clam or mussel and by which she deposits her eggs in the gill chamber of the mollusk. There, they are fertilized by sperm ejected by the nearby male and drawn by the mollusk into the gill chamber along with water for respiration.

      The eggs develop in the gill chamber of the mollusk, and the young bitterlings leave their host about a month later. The breeding periods of fish and mollusk coincide, and the mollusk in return throws off its larvae onto the bitterling, where they undergo part of their development encysted (buried) in the skin of the fish.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bitterling — steht für: eine Gruppe der Karpfenfische, siehe Bitterlinge (Fische) (Acheilognathinae) insbesondere den Bitterling (Fischart) (Rhodeus amarus) die Pilzart Gallenröhrling (Tylopilus felleus) andere Pilzarten aus der Gattung Tellerlinge… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bitterling — Bit ter*ling, n. [G.] (Zo[ o]l.) A roachlike European fish ({Rhodima amarus}). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bitterling — Bitterling, so v.w. Bitterfisch …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bitterling — (Rhodeus Agass.), Edelfischgattung aus der Familie der Karpfen (Cyprinidae), gedrungen gebaute, hochrückige Fische mit halb unterständigem Maul und über den Bauchflossen stehender Rückenflosse. Der B. (R. amarus Bl.), 5–8 cm lang, mit großen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bitterling — Bitterling, Bitterfisch (Rhodĕus amārus Ag. [Abb. 216]), ein zur Karpfenfamilie gehöriger Süßwasserfisch, legt seine Eier mittels einer Legeröhre in die Kiemenhöhle der Flußmuscheln; Fleisch von bitterm Geschmack …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bitterling — Bịt|ter|ling 〈m. 1; Zool.〉 kleiner, karpfenähnl. Fisch, dessen Fleisch bitter schmeckt: Rhodeus amarus * * * Bịt|ter|ling, der; s, e: kleiner, karpfenähnlicher Fisch, dessen ungenießbares Fleisch bitter schmeckt. * * * Bitterling,   1) Rhodeus… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • bitterling — noun a small brightly coloured freshwater fish of central Europe, whose eggs develop inside mussels. [Rhodeus amarus.] Origin C19: from Ger. Bitterling, from bitter bitter (translating L. amarus) + ling …   English new terms dictionary

  • bitterling — paprastoji kartuolė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Rhodeus sericeus angl. bitterling rus. обыкновенный горчак ryšiai: platesnis terminas – kartuolės …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • Bitterling — Besser einen Bitterling gefangen, als still gesessen. – Körte, 639 …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • Bitterling (Fischart) — Bitterling Bitterling (Rhodeus amarus) Systematik Ordnung: Karpfenartige (Cypriniformes) Überfamilie: Cypri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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