bias

bias
/buy"euhs/, n., adj., adv., v., biased, biasing or (esp. Brit.) biassed, biassing.
n.
1. an oblique or diagonal line of direction, esp. across a woven fabric.
2. a particular tendency or inclination, esp. one that prevents unprejudiced consideration of a question; prejudice.
3. Statistics. a systematic as opposed to a random distortion of a statistic as a result of sampling procedure.
4. Lawn Bowling.
a. a slight bulge or greater weight on one side of the ball or bowl.
b. the curved course made by such a ball when rolled.
5. Electronics. the application of a steady voltage or current to an active device, as a diode or transistor, to produce a desired mode of operation.
6. a high-frequency alternating current applied to the recording head of a tape recorder during recording in order to reduce distortion.
7. on the bias,
a. in the diagonal direction of the cloth.
b. out of line; slanting.
adj.
8. cut, set, folded, etc., diagonally: This material requires a bias cut.
adv.
9. in a diagonal manner; obliquely; slantingly: to cut material bias.
v.t.
10. to cause partiality or favoritism in (a person); influence, esp. unfairly: a tearful plea designed to bias the jury.
11. Electronics. to apply a steady voltage or current to (the input of an active device).
[1520-30; < MF biais oblique < OPr, prob. < VL *(e)bigassius < Gk epikársios oblique, equiv. to epi- EPI- + -karsios oblique]
Syn. 2. predisposition, preconception, predilection, partiality, proclivity; bent, leaning. BIAS, PREJUDICE mean a strong inclination of the mind or a preconceived opinion about something or someone. A BIAS may be favorable or unfavorable: bias in favor of or against an idea. PREJUDICE implies a preformed judgment even more unreasoning than BIAS, and usually implies an unfavorable opinion: prejudice against a race. 10. predispose, bend, incline, dispose.
Ant. 2. impartiality.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Поможем написать реферат
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bias — [ˈbaɪəs] (englisch für ‚Verzerrung‘, oft ‚statistische Verzerrung‘, ‚Vorspannung‘ oder ‚Vorbeaufschlagung‘) bezeichnet: in der Statistik die Differenz zwischen dem Erwartungswert einer Statistik und dem zu schätzenden Objekt, siehe Verzerrung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bias — bi‧as [ˈbaɪəs] noun biases PLURALFORM [countable, uncountable] MARKETING in market research, errors in results, usually caused by working with a group of people who are not typical of the group you want to know about, or by asking confusing… …   Financial and business terms

  • bias — bi·as / bī əs/ n: a personal and often unreasoned judgment for or against one side in a dispute: prejudice a judge disqualified because of bias Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Bías — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bías de Priene Bías de Priene, filósofo del siglo VI a. C. Es uno de los siete sabios de Grecia y, en opinión de muchos, como Satyrus, el más destacado de ellos. Sus conciudadanos le consultaban con… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bias — Bi as (b[imac] as), n.; pl. {Biases} ( [e^]z). [F. biasis, perh. fr. LL. bifax two faced; L. bis + facies face. See {Bi }, and cf. {Face}.] 1. A weight on the side of the ball used in the game of bowls, or a tendency imparted to the ball, which… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bias — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Bias hace referencia a varios artículos según su traducción. Lugares en Francia Bias, comuna francesa situada en Landas. Bias, comuna francesa situada en Lot y Garona. Significado en inglés Sesgo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • bias — [bī′əs] n. pl. biases [MFr biais, a slope, slant < OFr < OProv < ?] 1. a line, cut or sewn diagonally across the weave of cloth, as in making seams, binding tape, etc. 2. a mental leaning or inclination; partiality; bent 3. Lawn Bowling… …   English World dictionary

  • bias — [n1] belief in one way; partiality bent, bigotry, chauvinism, disposition, favoritism, flash, head set*, illiberality, inclination, intolerance, leaning, mind set*, mind trip*, narrowmindedness, one sidedness, penchant, preconception,… …   New thesaurus

  • Bias — Bi as, adv. In a slanting manner; crosswise; obliquely; diagonally; as, to cut cloth bias. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bias — Désigne en principe celui qui est originaire de Bias, nom de plusieurs hameaux et de deux communes du Sud Ouest (40, 47). Sens du toponyme : chemin, route (du latin via). Le nom de famille se rencontre plus rarement en Normandie, où il pourrait… …   Noms de famille

  • bias — n prejudice, prepossession, partiality, *predilection Analogous words: slant, standpoint, *point of view, viewpoint, angle: Meaning, propensity: inclining or inclination, predisposition, disposition (see corresponding verbs at INCLINE) Contrasted …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”