Berbera

Berbera
/berr"beuhr euh/, n.
a seaport in Somalia, on the Gulf of Aden: former capital of British Somaliland. 65,000.

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      port, northwestern Somalia, on the Gulf of Aden; it is also under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Somaliland (Somaliland) (a self-declared independent state without international recognition that falls within the recognized borders of Somalia) and serves as Somaliland's primary port. Berbera lies at the terminus of roads from the towns of Hargeysa and Burko and has an airport. Known during classical times and to Ibn Saʿīd (d. 1286) and other early Arab geographers, Berbera was one of the Muslim settlements of the medieval state of Adal. It was sacked by the Portuguese in 1518 and occupied by the sharifs of Mocha in the 17th century, by the Egyptians in 1875, and by the British in 1884. It served as the capital of British Somaliland until 1941. Water is supplied by pipeline from Dubar to the south. Berbera's trade increased after World War II because of improved port facilities, which were further modernized in the late 1960s and early '70s. Much of the port was destroyed during warfare in the 1980s and early '90s; however, the port continued to function, and in the early 21st century it was a key source of income for the Republic of Somaliland. Exports include sheep, hides and skins, ghee, frankincense, myrrh, and gum arabic. A portion of the population migrates to the Galgodon (Ogo) Highlands during the hot season. Pop. (1990 est.) 70,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Berbera — es la capital de Saaxi, antiguamente una región de Somalia y hoy en día parte de la República de Somalilandia. Posee un puerto, que es el único del lado Sur del Golfo de Adén que ofrece una protección considerable contra vientos y otras… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Berbera — port de Somalie, sur le golfe d Aden; 70 000 hab. Centre comm.; mines de gypse; sucreries. Aéroport. Base militaire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • berberă — *berbéră (limbă) s. f., g. d. art. berbérei Trimis de Anonim, 16.07.2007. Sursa: DOOM 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • Berbera — [bʉr′bər ə] seaport in NE Somalia, on the Gulf of Aden: pop. 70,000 …   English World dictionary

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