/buen"shee"/, n. Pinyin.
a city in E Liaoning province, in NE China. 750,000.

* * *

Wade-Giles romanization  Pen-hsi , also spelled  Benqi 

      city, southeast-central Liaoning sheng (province), northeastern China. It is situated some 45 miles (75 km) southeast of Shenyang (Mukden) on the Taizi River.

      From the time of the Liao dynasty (907–1125), Benxi was the centre of a small-scale iron industry, and coal began to be mined in the late 18th century. The dramatic modern growth of the city began with the establishment in 1905 of the Benxi (or Benxihu) Coal Mining Company with joint Chinese and Japanese capital. In 1911 the company began iron smelting and changed its name to the Benxi Coal and Iron Company. It was efficiently managed and remained important, but it gradually became dominated by Japanese interests (its Japanese name was Honkei or Honkeiko).

      After the establishment of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo (Manzhouguo) in Manchuria (present-day Northeast China) in 1932 and the formulation of the Manchurian Industrial Development Plan in 1936, the Manchukuo government developed Benxi's iron and steel production. Much of the iron from Benxi had a low phosphorus and sulfur content and was in demand for the munitions industry. The city's works also began to produce special steels for the Japanese navy. In April 1942 the mine was the site of one of the world's worst coal-mining disasters, an explosion that killed hundreds of miners.

      In 1945–46 the region was occupied by Soviet forces, who dismantled most of the equipment; however, the plant was soon restored, and during the early 1950s much new equipment was installed by Soviet technicians. By 1957 Benxi's iron production had reached the World War II level, and new local sources of ore were being exploited. The iron industry there is closely integrated with the large iron and steel complex at Anshan to the west, to which much of Benxi's pig iron production is transported. Since 1958 the steel output of Benxi has greatly increased. Benxi has large plants that manufacture cement, chemicals, and nonferrous alloys; there are also thermal electric-power stations. It is connected by rail and expressway with Shenyang and Anshan and with the port city of Dalian to the southwest. Air pollution has become a serious problem for Benxi, as it is situated in a sheltered river valley and has a heavy industrial base. Pop. (2002 est.) 834,176; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 1,012,000.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benxi — Běnxī · 本溪 Localisation de la préfecture de Benxi (en jaune) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benxi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Localización de Benxi en la provincia de Liaoning Benxi (en chino 本溪, pinyin, Běnxī) es una localidad en la provincia de Liaoning, en la República Popular China. Según datos de 2001 su población era de 832.000… …   Wikipedia Español

  • BENXI — [PEN SI] ou BENQI [PEN K’I] Un des centres importants (avec 769 000 hab. en 1990) de la plus grande région industrielle chinoise qui s’étend au sud de la province du Liaoning. La ville est située à une soixantaine de kilomètres au sud est de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Benxi —   [ ɕi], Stadt in der Provinz Liaoning, China, 940 000 Einwohner; Zentrum der Schwerindustrie; seit 1915 nach Anshan das wichtigste Stahlzentrum Nordostchinas (Kohle und Eisenerzvorkommen in unmittelbarer Nähe); Zementindustrie, Bauxitvorkommen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Benxi — [bun′shē′] city in Liaoning province, NE China, near Shenyang: pop. 792,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Benxi — Infobox Settlement name = official name = Benxi other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Prefecture level city total type = motto = translit lang1=Chinese translit lang1 type=Simplified translit lang1 info= translit lang1… …   Wikipedia

  • Benxi — Lage Benxis in der Provinz Liaoning …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benxi — Original name in latin Benxi Name in other language Behn si, Benxi, Pen Shi, Pen ch i, Pen ch i hsien, Pen ch i hu, Pen ch i shih, Pen ch’i, Pen ch’i hsien, Pen ch’i hu, Pen ch’i shih, Pen hsi, Pen hsi shih, Penki, Penkihu, ben xi, ben xi shi,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Benxi Shuidong National Park — Benxi Shuidong (Benxi Water Caves) was made a national park on January 10, 1994. The Benxi Water Caves are located 30km east of Benxi. The Benxi Water Caves are a forest of stalactites and stalagmites within a cavern system lit by colored… …   Wikipedia

  • Benxi (Benxi) — Der Autonome Kreis Benxi der Manju (本溪满族自治县), kurz: Kreis Benxi (本溪县), ist ein autonomer Kreis der Mandschu Nationalität in der bezirksfreien Stadt Benxi im Nordosten Chinas in der Provinz Liaoning. Er hat eine Fläche von 3.362 km² und zählt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”