/bej"euhl/, n. Pathol.
a nonvenereal syphilis occurring mainly among children in certain subtropical areas of southern Africa and southeastern Asia, caused by the spirochete strain Treponema pallidum endemicum.
[1925-30; < Ar bajl]

* * *

      form of endemic (nonvenereal) syphilis occurring among Bedouin tribes and elsewhere in the Middle East.

      Endemic syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema endemicum. Both endemic and sporadic (venereal) syphilis are diagnosed by the same tests, are treated with the same drugs, and cause similar pathological changes in the tissues; this is because T. pallidum, the pathogen that causes sporadic syphilis, is closely related to T. endemicum. Bejel, however, is rarely transmitted congenitally or through sexual contact; it spreads by contact from child to child in an unhygienic environment. The infection appears first as an eruption on the mouth and skin. The profuse rash, extremely contagious and persisting for a year or more, eventually fades into latency; the blood test remains positive. Later the early stage may relapse, or latency may be terminated by the late stage of the disease, which is characterized by soft, gummy ulcers of the skin, the bones, and the centre of the face, a patchy loss of skin pigment, and other conditions. Involvement of the central nervous system is uncommon.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bejel — Bejel, or endemic syphilis, is a chronic skin and tissue disease caused by infection by a subspecies of the spirochete Treponema pallidum .Although the organism that causes bejel, Treponema pallidum endemicum , is morphologically and… …   Wikipedia

  • bejel — infección de la piel no venérea producida por el Treponema pallidum ss pallidum. Es endémica en el valle del Eúfrates [ICD 10: A65] Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010. bejel Forma no venérea de sífilis prevale …   Diccionario médico

  • bejel — ● bejel nom masculin Maladie infectieuse contagieuse due à une infestation non vénérienne par Treponema pallidum. béjel n. m. MED Syphilis non vénérienne, endémique en Afrique sahélienne …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bejel — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 A65 Endemische Syphilis Nichtvenerische Syphilis Bejel Njovera …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bejel — Le bejel ou syphilis endémique non vénérienne est une tréponématose ensemble de maladies provoquées par les tréponèmes due à Treponema pallidum endemicum qui se manifeste par une maladie chronique de la peau. La transmission de la maladie n est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bejel — Nonvenereal endemic syphilis now found chiefly among Arab children; apparently due to Treponema pallidum. SEE ALSO: nonvenereal syphilis. [Ar. bajlah] * * * bej·el bej əl n a disease that is chiefly endemic in children in northern Africa and Asia …   Medical dictionary

  • bejel — endemic syphilis; n. a long lasting nonvenereal form of syphilis that occurs in the Balkans, Turkey, eastern Mediterranean countries, and the dry savannah regions of North Africa; it is particularly prevalent where standards of personal hygiene… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • bejel — noun Endemic syphilis, a chronic disease of skin and tissue caused by infection by a subspecies of the spirochete Treponema pallidum …   Wiktionary

  • bejel — ► masculino ZOOLOGÍA Pez osteíctico del orden perciformes (Trigla lucerna), de cuerpo comprimido y cabeza con un perfil oblicuo. Su carne es apreciada …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bejel — Bejẹl   [arabisch] die, , endemische Syphilis, eine infektiöse Krankheit, die zur Gruppe der tropischen Treponematosen gezählt wird …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”