Beaker folk

Beaker folk
a late Neolithic to Copper Age people living in Europe, so called in reference to the bell beakers commonly found buried with their dead in barrows. Also called Beaker people.

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 Late Neolithic–Early Bronze Age people living about 4,500 years ago in the temperate zones of Europe; they received their name from their distinctive bell-shaped beakers, decorated in horizontal zones by finely toothed stamps. (Their culture is often called the Bell-Beaker culture.) The graves of the Beaker folk were usually modest single units, though in much of western Europe they often took the form of megalithic tombs. A warlike stock, they were primarily bowmen but were also armed with a flat, tanged dagger or spearhead of copper, and a curved, rectangular wrist guard. Their extensive search for copper (and gold), in fact, greatly accelerated the spread of bronze metallurgy in Europe. Probably originally from Spain, the Beaker folk soon spread into central and western Europe in their search for metals. In central Europe they came into contact with the Battle-Ax (or Single-Grave) culture, which was also characterized by beaker-shaped pottery (though different in detail) and by the use of horses and a shaft-hole battle-ax. The two cultures gradually intermixed and later spread from central Europe to eastern England.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Beaker folk — plural noun a late Neolithic and early Bronze Age European people named after the distinctive waisted pots (Beaker ware) associated with their burials …   English new terms dictionary

  • Beaker Folk — /ˈbikə ˌfoʊk/ (say beekuh .fohk) noun a prehistoric people of western Europe flourishing during the third millennium BC. {named after the characteristic beakers found among their remains} …  

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  • Beaker culture — The Bell Beaker culture (sometimes shortened to Beaker culture, Beaker people, or Beaker folk; de. Glockenbecherkultur), ca. 2800 ndash; 1900 BC, is the term for a widely scattered cultural phenomenon of prehistoric western Europe starting in the …   Wikipedia

  • beaker people — noun plural see beaker folk * * * Beaker Folk or Beaker People, a prehistoric group of European people before the Bronze Age whose significant artifact was pottery in the shape of a bell or beaker. * * * Beaker People [Beaker People] …   Useful english dictionary

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  • beaker — n. 1 a tall drinking vessel, usu. of plastic and tumbler shaped. 2 a lipped cylindrical glass vessel for scientific experiments. 3 archaic or literary a large drinking vessel with a wide mouth. Phrases and idioms: Beaker Folk Archaeol. a people… …   Useful english dictionary

  • bell beaker — noun : a bell shaped pottery vessel of the prehistoric Beaker folk * * * Archaeol. a bell shaped beaker, esp. one associated with the Beaker folk. [1900 05] * * * bell beaker noun The distinctive wide necked pottery vessel found (sometimes… …   Useful english dictionary

  • bell beaker — Archaeol. a bell shaped beaker, esp. one associated with the Beaker folk. [1900 05] * * * …   Universalium

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