/bay yohn"/ for 1; /bann yawn"/ for 2, n.1. a seaport in NE New Jersey. 65,047.2. a seaport in SW France, near the Bay of Biscay. 44,706.
* * *▪ Francetown, Pyrénées-Atlantiques département, Aquitaine région, southwestern France, at the confluence of the Nive with the Adour River, 5 miles (8 km) from its mouth. With Biarritz, the noted Atlantic resort, it forms an extended built-up area. As Lapurdum, it was the chief port of Roman Novempopulania, and the coastal zone is still called the Pays de Labourd. The present name is thought to be Basque in origin. Traditionally it was the Bayonne Basques who first used the bayonet. Grand Bayonne on the left bank of the Nive, behind fortifications designed by the 17th-century French military engineer Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, contains the Château Vieux and the Cathédrale de Sainte-Marie (13th–16th century, with two 19th-century towers [210 feet; 64 metres]). Across the river in Petit Bayonne are the Château Neuf, the Bonnat Museum, and the Basque Museum. Downstream, on the right bank of the Adour, are the port and industrial complexes of Le Boucau and Forges. Bayonne is known for its high-quality salt, hams, and chocolate. Much of the port's activity is linked to the export of the region's agricultural produce, especially corn (maize), as well as sulfur produced at Lacq. Bayonne also has metallurgy, electronics, and telecommunications industries, but the town is above all an administrative and commercial centre. There is also a university outpost, and the old town and its historic buildings have helped make Bayonne a tourist centre. Pop. (1999) 40,078; (2005 est.) 44,200.city, Hudson county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S., on a 3-mile (5-km) peninsula between Newark and Upper New York bays, adjacent to Jersey City, New Jersey, and within the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Bayonne is connected with Staten Island, New York City (south), by a bridge over Kill Van Kull. Settled by the Dutch in 1646, it was originally called Bergen Neck and later was known as Konstable Hoeck (Constable Hook) when it was consolidated with Bergen Point, Centerville, and Salterville. It became a township in 1861. In 1869 it was incorporated as a city and renamed Bayonne. From 1850 until World War I, Bayonne was renowned for its yacht building.Since 1875 it has been a centre for oil refining, and it is now the northern terminus for several pipeline systems, including the Big Inch (about 1,500 miles [2,400 km] long) from Longview, Texas. Manufactures include machinery, textiles, and chemicals. It has extensive docks and shipyards along its 9-mile (14-km) waterfront. Pop. (1990) 61,444; (2000) 61,842.
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