/bahrnz"lee/, n.a city in South Yorkshire, in N England. 224,000.
* * *Town and metropolitan borough (pop., 2001: 218,062), northern England.Located on the River Dearne northeast of Manchester, the town is the administrative seat of South Yorkshire. Its major growth came in the 19th century as a coal-mining town in the heart of the Yorkshire coalfield. Local coal production has declined since the early 20th century, and light industries have been promoted.
* * *town and metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of South Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, northern England. Situated on the River Dearne, a tributary of the Don, Barnsley is an old market town and had early wire-drawing and linen industries, but its major growth came in the 19th century as a coal-mining town in the heart of the Yorkshire coalfield. Local coal production was at its peak at the beginning of the 20th century, and, as mining employment was subsequently phased out, engineering, clothing, and other light industries have been promoted. Barnsley has a new mining and technical college and still functions as an agricultural market and service centre. The borough encompasses a number of smaller towns, including Cudworth, Darton, Wombwell, and Penistone, and some open countryside, including a section of the Pennines. Area metropolitan borough, 127 square miles (329 square km). Pop. (2001) town, 71,599; (2006 est.) metropolitan borough, 223,500.
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