—barkless, adj./bahrk/, n.1. the abrupt, harsh, explosive cry of a dog.2. a similar sound made by another animal, as a fox.3. a short, explosive sound, as of firearms: the bark of a revolver.4. a brusque order, reply, etc.: The foreman's bark sent the idlers back to their machines.5. a cough.v.i.6. (of a dog or other animal) to utter an abrupt, explosive cry or a series of such cries.7. to make a similar sound: The big guns barked.8. to speak or cry out sharply or gruffly: a man who barks at his children.9. Informal. to advertise a theater performance, carnival sideshow, or the like, by standing at the entrance and calling out to passersby.10. to cough.v.t.11. to utter in a harsh, shouting tone: barking orders at her subordinates.12. bark at the moon, to protest in vain: Telling her that she's misinformed is just barking at the moon.13. bark up the wrong tree, to assail or pursue the wrong person or object; misdirect one's efforts: If he expects me to get him a job, he's barking up the wrong tree.[bef. 900; ME berken, OE beorcan; akin to OE borcian to bark, ON berkja to bluster, Lith burgéti to growl, quarrel, Serbo-Croatian brgljati to murmur]Syn. 11. shout, bellow, yell, roar, bawl.bark2—barkless, adj./bahrk/, n.1. the external covering of the woody stems, branches, and roots of plants, as distinct and separable from the wood itself.2. Tanning. a mixture of oak and hemlock barks.3. candy, usually of chocolate with large pieces of nuts, made in flat sheets.v.t.4. to rub off or scrape the skin of, as by bumping into something: to bark one's shins.5. to remove a circle of bark from; girdle.6. to cover, enclose, or encrust with or as if with bark.7. to treat with a bark infusion; tan.8. to strip the bark from; peel.[1250-1300; ME < ON borkr (gen. barkar)]bark3/bahrk/, n.1. Naut. a sailing vessel having three or more masts, square-rigged on all but the aftermost mast, which is fore-and-aft-rigged.2. Literary. a boat or sailing vessel.Also, barque.[1425-75; late ME barke < OF barque LL barca, L *barica, baris < Gk bâris Egyptian barge < Coptic bari barge]
* * *IIn woody plants, tissues outside of the vascular cambium.The term is also used more popularly to refer to all tissues outside the wood. The inner soft bark is produced by the vascular cambium; it consists of secondary phloem (food-conducting) tissue whose innermost layer transports food from the leaves to the rest of the plant. The layered outer bark contains cork and old, dead phloem. The bark is usually thinner than the woody part of the stem or root.II(as used in expressions)
* * *▪ plant tissuein woody plants, tissues external to the vascular cambium (the growth layer of the vascular cylinder); the term bark is also employed more popularly to refer to all tissues outside the wood. The inner soft bark, or bast (bast fibre), is produced by the vascular cambium; it consists of secondary phloem tissue whose innermost layer conveys food from the leaves to the rest of the plant. The outer bark, which is mostly dead tissue, is the product of the cork cambium (phellogen). Layered outer bark, containing cork and old, dead phloem, is known as rhytidome. The dead cork cells are lined with suberin, a fatty substance that makes them highly impermeable to gases and water. Gas exchange between the inner tissues of bark-covered roots and stems and their surroundings takes place through spongy areas (lenticels) in the cork.Bark is usually thinner than the woody part of the stem or root. Both inner bark (secondary phloem) and wood (secondary xylem) are generated by the vascular cambium layer of cells: bark toward the outside where the oldest layers may slough off, and wood toward the inside where it accumulates as dead tissue.▪ sailing craftalso spelled barquesailing ship of three or more masts, the rear (mizzenmast) being rigged for a fore-and-aft rather than a square sail. Until fore-and-aft rigs were applied to large ships to reduce crew sizes, the term was often used for any small sailing vessel. In poetic use, a bark can be any sailing ship or boat.
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