/bahr"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. barberries.
1. a shrub of the genus Berberis, esp. B. vulgaris, having yellow flowers in elongated clusters. Cf. barberry family.
2. the red, elongated, acid fruit of this shrub.
[1350-1400; ME barbere < ML barbaris ( < Ar barbaris), with -baris conformed to bere BERRY]

* * *

Any of the almost 500 species of thorny evergreen or deciduous shrubs constituting the genus Berberis.

The genus is the largest and most important group in the family Berberidaceae, of the buttercup order. Most barberries are native to the northern temperate zone, particularly Asia. Barberry bushes have yellow wood and yellow flowers. The fruit of several species is made into jellies. Other members of the same family include heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica), an indoor potted plant; mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum), a woodland wildflower; Epimedium, a ground cover; and Oregon grape (Mahonia), a genus of broad-leaved evergreen shrubs.

American barberry (Berberis canadensis).

Walter Chandoha

* * *

      any of almost 500 species of thorny evergreen or deciduous shrubs constituting the genus Berberis of the family Berberidaceae, mostly native to the North Temperate Zone, particularly Asia. Species of Oregon grape, previously included in Berberis but now assigned to the genus Mahonia, are sometimes called barberry (see Oregon grape).

      Plants of the genus Berberis have yellow wood, yellow, six-petaled flowers, and usually three-branched spines at the base of leafstalks. The fruit is a red, yellow, blue, purple, or black berry, with one to several seeds. The fruits of several species are made into jellies. Yellow dyes are extracted from some South American and Asian barberry plants. Species of Berberis are used as a nectar source for honeybees in western Asia.

      The American or Allegheny barberry (B. canadensis) is native to eastern North America. Japanese barberry (B. thunbergii) often is cultivated as a hedge or ornamental shrub for its scarlet fall foliage and bright-red, long-lasting berries. Several varieties with purple or yellow foliage, spinelessness, or dwarf habit are useful in the landscape. Another widely planted species is wintergreen barberry (B. julianae), an evergreen shrub with bluish black berries. The cultivation of certain barberry species is prohibited in some regions because they harbour one of the spore stages of the fungus that causes black stem rust of wheat.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • barberry — [bär′ber΄ē, bär′bə rē] n. pl. barberries [ME berberie (infl. by berie,BERRY) < ML barberis < Ar barbārīs] 1. any of a genus (Berberis) of spiny shrubs of the barberry family, with sour, red berries and yellow flowers: it is often used for… …   English World dictionary

  • Barberry — Bar ber*ry, n. [OE. barbarin, barbere, OF. berbere.] (Bot.) A shrub of the genus {Berberis}, common along roadsides and in neglected fields. {Berberis vulgaris} is the species best known; its oblong red berries are made into a preserve or sauce,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • barberry — noun Etymology: Middle English berberie, from Medieval Latin berberis, from Arabic barbārīs Date: 14th century any of a genus (Berberis of the family Berberidaceae, the barberry family) of shrubs usually having spines, usually yellow flowers, and …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • barberry — raugerškis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Raugerškinių (Berberidaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Berberis). atitikmenys: lot. Berberis angl. barberry; piperidge vok. Berberitze; Sauerdorn rus. барбарис lenk. berberys; kwaśnica …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • barberry — raugerškis statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Dekoratyvių, vaistinių ir vaisinių raugerškinių (Berberidaceae) šeimos augalų gentis. Yra daug rūšių. Kaip vaisiniai augalai dažniausiai auginamos paprastojo raugerškio (Berberis vulgaris L.) …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • Barberry Beach Resort — (Бан Ко Лан,Таиланд) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Tawean Beach, Koh Larn …   Каталог отелей

  • barberry family — noun shrubs or herbs • Syn: ↑Berberidaceae, ↑family Berberidaceae • Hypernyms: ↑magnoliid dicot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Ranales, ↑order Ranales, ↑Ranunculales …   Useful english dictionary

  • barberry family — the plant family Berberidaceae, characterized by shrubs and herbaceous plants having very varied leaves and flowers and fruit in the form of a berry or capsule, and including the barberry, May apple, and Oregon grape. * * * …   Universalium

  • barberry rust — noun : the wheat stem rust in its aecial stage on barberry, formerly thought to be a distinct species (Aecidium berberidis) …   Useful english dictionary

  • barberry — noun A thorny shrub that bears yellow flowers and red or blue black berries …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”