ballad opera

ballad opera
a theater entertainment of 18th-century England, consisting of popular tunes, folk songs, and dialogue.

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English 18th-century comic opera in which songs and musical interludes, usually consisting of existing popular tunes or opera melodies with new words, are interspersed with spoken dialogue.

The first ballad opera, The Beggar's Opera (1728), by John Gay and J.C. Pepusch (1667–1752), was a sharply satirical work that became wildly popular and led to numerous similar works. Ballad opera led directly to the German singspiel and can be seen as the source of the modern musical.

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      characteristic English type of comic opera, originating in the 18th century and featuring farcical or extravaganza plots. The music was mainly confined to songs interspersed in spoken dialogue. Such operas at first used ballads or folk songs to which new words were adapted; later, tunes were borrowed from popular operas, or music was occasionally newly composed.

      One of the earliest and the most famous of ballad operas is The Beggar's Opera (1728), which is at once a spoof on Italian serious opera and a satire on the morality of contemporary politicians. Its text is by John Gay (Gay, John), with music adapted by John Pepusch (Pepusch, John Christopher). It had many imitators. Other composers adapting or writing music for ballad operas included Thomas Arne, Charles Dibdin, Stephen Storace, and, in the 19th century, Sir Henry Bishop.

      The ballad opera can be seen as a precursor to the light opera (comic opera) of W.S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan and, indirectly through musical comedy, into the modern musical. It also influenced the evolution of the similar German Singspiel in the 18th century. Several early ballad operas were successfully revived in the 20th century. Modern works directly influenced by the ballad opera include Ralph Vaughan Williams's opera Hugh the Drover.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ballad-Opera —   [ bæləd ɔpərə; englisch »Liedoper«] die, / s, Bühnenstück mit Liednummern (neutextierte volkstümliche Melodien, populäre Opernmelodien) und verbindenden Prosadialogen, das in der ersten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts in London seine Blütezeit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ballad-opera — (engl., »Lieder Oper«), eine Oper, die sich. in der Hauptsache auf bekannte Liedermelodien mit neuen Texten aufbaut; Liederspiel, Singspiel. Das erste Beispiel einer solchen war John Gays »Bettleroper« (1727) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ballad opera — The term ballad opera is used to refer to a genre of English stage entertainment originating in the 18th century and continuing to develop in the following century and later. There are many types of ballad opera. This article describes the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ballad opera — Le ballad opera est un genre de spectacles caractéristiques de la scène anglaise du XVIIIe siècle, écrits en réaction à la prééminence de l opéra italien sur les scènes d alors. Il s agissait de pièces musicales satiriques, qui suivaient… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ballad Opera — Die Ballad Opera ist eine Genrebezeichnung des englischen Musiktheaters im 18. Jahrhundert. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Beschreibung 2 Auswirkungen 3 Literatur 4 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ballad opera — noun : a theatrical entertainment consisting of folk melodies and popular airs with new texts interspersed with spoken dialogue * * * ˈballad opera 7 [ballad opera] noun a type of play, popular in England in the early 18th century, containing… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ballad-Opera — Bal|lad Ope|ra [ bæləd ɔpərə] die; , s <aus gleichbed. engl. ballad opera> engl. Singspiel des 18. Jh.s mit volkstümlichen Liedern …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • ballad opera — /ˈbæləd ˌɒprə/ (say baluhd .opruh) noun a light opera, often humorous or satirical, in which the tunes are taken from popular songs, and the dialogue is spoken …   Australian-English dictionary

  • ballad-opera — англ. [бэ/лэд о/пэрэ] опера, музыка которой взята из нар. популярных песен …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • BALLAD-OPERA — (англ.), опера, состоящая главным образом из народных песен; первым примером такой оперы была Bettleroper Джона Гэя (1727) …   Музыкальный словарь Римана

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