Ayers Rock

Ayers Rock
a conspicuous red monadnock in central Australia, in the SW Northern Territory: tourist attraction. 1143 ft. (348 m) high.

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Rock outcrop, southwestern Northern Territory, Australia.

Called Uluru by the Australian Aboriginals and located in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, it is 1,100 ft (335 m) high and may be the world's largest monolith. Its arkosic sandstone changes colour according to the height of the sun. Shallow caves at the base of the rock are sacred to several Aboriginal tribes and contain carvings and paintings. In 1985 ownership of Ayers Rock was officially returned to the Aboriginals.

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also called  Uluru 
 giant monolith, one of the tors (tor) (isolated masses of weathered rock) in southwestern Northern Territory, Australia. It is perhaps the world's largest monolith. The monolith, which the Aboriginals of the region call Uluru, is composed of arkosic sandstone, which changes colour according to the position of the Sun. The rock is most impressive at sunset, when it is coloured a fiery orange-red by the Sun's rays.

 Rising 1,100 feet (335 metres) above the surrounding desert plain, Ayers Rock is oval in shape, 2.2 miles (3.6 km) long by 1.5 miles (2 km) wide. Its lower slopes have become fluted by the erosion of weaker rock layers, while the top is scored with gullies and basins that produce giant cataracts after infrequent rainstorms. Shallow caves at the base of the rock, which is within Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park (first established, in 1958, as the Ayers Rock-Mount Olga National Park), are sacred to several Aboriginal tribes and contain carvings and paintings. Sighted in 1872 by Ernest Giles, the rock was named for former South Australian premier Sir Henry Ayers. In 1985 official ownership of Ayers Rock was given to the Aboriginals, who thereupon leased the rock and the national park to the government for 99 years. Visitors arrive at the rock via Alice Springs, 280 miles (450 km) northeast by road. The buildings of the tourist resort near Ayers Rock are coloured to blend in with the surrounding desert. The rock and the surrounding park were designated a World Heritage site in 1987.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ayers Rock — Ayers Rọck   [ eəz ], einer der größten Inselberge der Erde, im Südwesten des Northern Territory, Australien. Genau in der Mitte des Kontinents erhebt sich der mächtige Felsen aus rotem spätkambrischen Sandstein 335 m über die umgebende Ebene… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ayers Rock — montagne sacrée (867 m) des aborigènes, qui la nomment Uluru, au centre (désertique) de l Australie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ayers Rock — →↑Uluru …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Ayers Rock — Ayers′ Rock′ [[t]ɛərz[/t]] n. geg a conspicuous red monadnock in central Australia, in the SW Northern Territory. 1143 ft. (348 m) high …   From formal English to slang

  • Ayers Rock — Uluru Uluru Vue aérienne d Uluru. Géographie Altitude 863 m Massif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ayers Rock — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ayers Rock — Macizo rocoso en el sudoeste del Territorio del Norte, Australia. Llamado Uluru por los aborígenes australianos, está ubicado en el parque nacional Uluru Kata Tjuta y tiene 335 m (1.100 pies) de alto y podría ser el monolito más grande del mundo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ayers Rock Airport — Connellan Airport Ayers Rock/Connellan Airport IATA: AYQ – ICAO: YAYE …   Wikipedia

  • Ayers Rock (band) — Ayers Rock was a jazz fusion/progressive rock band from Melbourne, Australia. The group formed in 1973, and included many well travelled rock performers; drummer Mark Kennedy had previously played in Spectrum, and played on sessions for King… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayers Rock (Australia) — Hotels: Desert Gardens Hotel Ayers Rock (Yulara) Emu Walk Apartments Ayers Rock (Yulara) Longitude 131 Lodge Ayers Rock (Yulara) Lost Camel Ayers Rock (The) (Yulara) …   International hotels

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