/awr"oks/, n., pl. aurochs.1. a large, black European wild ox, Bos primigenius: extinct since 1627.2. (not used scientifically) the European bison.[1760-70; < G, var. (now obs.) of Auerochs, MHG urochse, OHG urohso, equiv. to ur (c. OE ur bison) + ohso OX]
* * *or aurochThe aurochs survived in central Poland until 1627. It was black, stood 6 ft (1.8 m) high at the shoulder, and had spreading, forward-curving horns. Some German breeders claim to have re-created this race since 1945, but their animals are smaller and probably lack the aurochs's genetic constitution. The name has sometimes been wrongly applied to the European bison.
* * *▪ extinct mammalalso spelled Auroch(species Bos primigenius), extinct wild ox of Europe, family Bovidae (order Artiodactyla), from which cattle are probably descended. The aurochs survived in central Poland until 1627. The aurochs was black, stood 1.8 m (6 feet) high at the shoulder, and had spreading, forward-curving horns. Some German breeders claim that since 1945 they have re-created this race by crossing Spanish fighting cattle with longhorns and cattle of other breeds. Their animals, however, are smaller and, though they resemble the aurochs, probably do not have similar genetic constitutions.The name aurochs has sometimes been wrongly applied to the European bison, or wisent (Bison bonasus).
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