/euh rooh"geuh leuh/, n.
a Mediterranean plant, Eruca vesicaria sativa, of the mustard family, having pungent leaves used in salads. Also called rocket, roquette.
[1965-70; appar. < an Upper It dial. form, akin to Lombard arigola, Venetian rucola < L eruca name for Eruca sativa (cf. It ruca), with dim. suffix -ola < L -ula -ULE; cf. ROCKET2]

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Yellowish-flowered European herbaceous plant (Eruca vesicaria sativa), of the mustard family, cultivated for its foliage, which is used especially in salads.

The leaves taste sharp and peppery when young and succulent but become bitter with age. A medicinal oil is extracted from the seeds.
(as used in expressions)

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also called  roquette,  rocket salad,  garden rocket , or  rugola 
 (species Eruca vesicaria sativa), Mediterranean annual herb, of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), naturalized in parts of North America. Arugula grows to about 70 cm (2.5 feet) tall. Four-petaled, white, purple-veined flowers top its flower stalks. Thick, flat-beaked pods hug the stalk below, interspersed with stalkless, sharp-lobed leaves. The larger basal leaves have stalks and, when young, are used in salads as a seasoning on account of their pungent, peppery flavour. A medicinal oil is extracted from the seeds.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • arugula — n. 1. an erect European annual ({Eruca vesicaria} sativa) of the mustard family, often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender. Syn: rocket, roquette, garden rocket, rocket salad, Eruca sativa. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • arugula — (n.) edible cruciform plant (Eruca sativa) used originally in the Mediterranean region as a salad; the Amer.Eng. and Australian form of the name is (via Italian immigrants) from dialectal variant of It. ruchetta, a dim. form of ruca , from L.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • arugula — [ə ro͞o′gə lə] n. [It dial., dim. < Prov auruga, rocket; ult. < L eruca, kind of colewort: see ROCKET2] a European annual (Eruca vesicaria sativa) of the crucifer family, sometimes cultivated as a pungent salad herb; rocket: also arugola …   English World dictionary

  • arugula — noun Etymology: probably from Italian dialect; akin to Italian dialect (Lombardy) arigola arugula, Italian ruca more at rocket Date: 1967 a yellowish flowered Mediterranean herb (Eruca vesicaria sativa) of the mustard family cultivated for its… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • arugula — a•ru•gu•la [[t]əˈru gə lə[/t]] n. pln coo a Mediterranean plant, Eruca vesicaria sativa, of the mustard family, having pungent leaves used esp. in salads Also called rocket II, 2) • Etymology: 1965–70; appar. < an Upper It form akin to Lombard …   From formal English to slang

  • arugula — sėjamoji gražgarstė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bastutinių šeimos aliejinis, maistinis, pašarinis augalas (Eruca sativa), paplitęs centrinėje ir vakarinėje Azijos dalyje, Europoje pietuose ir šiaurės Afrikoje. Naudojamas kaip daržovė ir …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Arugula — Garten Senfrauke Als Rucola (auch Rukola) werden verschiedene Pflanzenarten aus der Familie der Kreuzblütengewächse gehandelt. Rucola wird hauptsächlich als Salatpflanze angebaut. Im deutschsprachigen Raum ursprünglich als Rauke bekannt, aber in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • arugula — noun /əˈɹuɡələ/ A yellowish flowered Mediterranean herb of the mustard family; which has flavoured leaves, often eaten in salads. Syn: rugola, rugula, garden rocket, rocket, Eruca vesicaria …   Wiktionary

  • arugula — a|ru|gu|la [əˈru:gjulə US gələ] n [U] [Date: 1900 2000; : Italian dialect; Origin: Latin eruca] ↑rocket 1(4) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • arugula — a|ru|gu|la [ ə rugələ ] noun uncount AMERICAN a plant with flat green leaves often eaten in salads …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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