artificial respiration

artificial respiration
the stimulation of natural respiratory functions in persons whose breathing has failed or in newborn infants by artificially forcing air into and out of the lungs. Cf. cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

* * *

Breathing induced by any of several techniques in a person who has stopped or is having difficulty breathing.

It consists chiefly of keeping the air passage open and inducing inhalation and exhalation. It does not include chest compressions to maintain circulation (see cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The primary method is mouth-to-mouth breathing, in which the rescuer breathes into the victim's mouth, with pauses to allow exhalation.

* * *

      breathing induced by some manipulative technique when natural respiration has ceased or is faltering. Such techniques, if applied quickly and properly, can prevent some deaths from drowning, choking, strangulation, suffocation, carbon monoxide poisoning, and electric shock. Resuscitation by inducing artificial respiration consists chiefly of two actions: (1) establishing and maintaining an open air passage from the upper respiratory tract (mouth, throat, and pharynx) to the lungs and (2) exchanging air and carbon dioxide in the terminal air sacs of the lungs while the heart is still functioning. To be successful such efforts must be started as soon as possible and continued until the victim is again breathing.

      The most widely used method of inducing artificial respiration is mouth-to-mouth breathing, which has been found to be more effective than the manual methods used in the past. The person using mouth-to-mouth breathing places the victim on his back, clears his mouth of foreign material and mucus, lifts the lower jaw forward and upward to open the air passage, places his own mouth over the victim's mouth in such a way as to establish a leak-proof seal, and clamps the nostrils. He then alternately breathes into the victim's mouth and lifts his own mouth away, permitting the victim to exhale. If the victim is a child the rescuer may cover both the victim's mouth and nose. The rescuer breathes 12 times each minute (15 times for a child and 20 for an infant) into the victim's mouth.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artificial respiration — Intervention ICD 9 CM 93.93 MeSH …   Wikipedia

  • artificial respiration — n the process of restoring or initiating breathing by forcing air into and out of the lungs to establish the rhythm of inspiration and expiration see BACK PRESSURE ARM LIFT METHOD, MOUTH TO MOUTH * * * an emergency procedure for maintaining a… …   Medical dictionary

  • artificial respiration — n. the maintenance of breathing by artificial means, as by forcing breath into the mouth or by creating and relaxing pressure externally on the chest cavity at regular intervals …   English World dictionary

  • artificial respiration — ► NOUN ▪ the restoration or maintenance of someone s breathing by manual, mechanical, or mouth to mouth methods …   English terms dictionary

  • artificial respiration — noun an emergency procedure whereby breathing is maintained artificially • Hypernyms: ↑emergency procedure, ↑breathing, ↑external respiration, ↑respiration, ↑ventilation • Part Holonyms: ↑cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • artificial respiration — N UNCOUNT Artificial respiration is the forcing of air into the lungs of someone who has stopped breathing, usually by blowing through their mouth or nose, in order to keep them alive and to help them to start breathing again. She was given… …   English dictionary

  • artificial respiration — dirbtinis kvėpavimas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Veiksmai, kuriais stengiamasi atlikti dirbtinę plaučių ventiliaciją ir atkurti sutrikusį kvėpavimą. Atliekamas rankomis arba mechaniniu būdu. atitikmenys: angl. artificial… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • artificial respiration — artificial respi ration n [U] a way of making someone breathe again when they have stopped, by blowing air into their mouth …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • artificial respiration — artificial respi ration noun uncount the process of forcing air into the lungs of a person who has stopped breathing by blowing into their mouth or nose in order to make them start breathing again: KISS OF LIFE …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • artificial respiration — artificial ventilation an emergency procedure for maintaining a flow of air into and out of a patient s lungs when the natural breathing reflexes are absent or insufficient. This may occur after drowning, poisoning, etc., or during a surgical… …   The new mediacal dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”