/ahr"teuh mis/, n.
1. Also called Cynthia. an ancient Greek goddess, the daughter of Leto and the sister of Apollo, characterized as a virgin huntress and associated with the moon. Cf. Diana.
2. a female given name.

* * *

In Greek religion, the goddess of wild animals, the hunt, vegetation, chastity, and childbirth.

Artemis was the daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin sister of Apollo. Accompanied by nymphs, she danced in mountains and forests. She both killed game and, as Mistress of Animals (see Master of the Animals), protected it. Stories of her nymphs' love affairs may originally have been told of the goddess herself, but poets after Homer stressed her chastity. She was known for her unpitying wrath when offended. Artemis may have developed out of Ishtar in the East. Her Roman counterpart was Diana.

Artemis as a huntress, classical sculpture; in the Louvre

Alinari/Art Resource

* * *

▪ Greek goddess
 in Greek religion, the goddess of wild animals, the hunt, and vegetation, and of chastity and childbirth; she was identified by the Romans with Diana (q.v.). Artemis was the daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin sister of Apollo. Among the rural populace, Artemis was the favourite goddess. Her character and function varied greatly from place to place, but, apparently, behind all forms lay the goddess of wild nature, who danced, usually accompanied by nymphs, in mountains, forests, and marshes. Artemis embodied the sportsman's ideal, so besides killing game she also protected it, especially the young; this was the Homeric significance of the title Mistress of Animals.

      The worship of Artemis probably flourished in Crete or on the Greek mainland in pre-Hellenic times. Many of Artemis' local cults, however, preserved traces of other deities, often with Greek names, suggesting that, upon adopting her, the Greeks identified Artemis with nature divinities of their own. The virginal sister of Apollo is very different from the many-breasted Artemis of Ephesus, for example.

      Dances of maidens representing tree nymphs (dryads) were especially common in Artemis' worship as goddess of the tree cult, a role especially popular in the Peloponnese. Throughout the Peloponnese, bearing such epithets as Limnaea and Limnatis (Lady of the Lake), Artemis supervised waters and lush wild growth, attended by nymphs of wells and springs (naiads). In parts of the peninsula her dances were wild and lascivious.

      Outside the Peloponnese, Artemis' most familiar form was as Mistress of Animals. Poets and artists usually pictured her with the stag or hunting dog, but the cults showed considerable variety. For instance, the Tauropolia festival at Halae Araphenides in Attica honoured Artemis Tauropolos (Bull Goddess), who received a few drops of blood drawn by sword from a man's neck.

      The frequent stories of the love affairs of Artemis' nymphs are supposed by some to have originally been told of the goddess herself. The poets after Homer, however, stressed Artemis' chastity and her delight in the hunt, dancing and music, shadowy groves, and the cities of just men. The wrath of Artemis was proverbial, for to it myth attributed wild nature's hostility to humans. Yet Greek sculpture avoided Artemis' unpitying anger as a motif; in fact, the goddess herself did not become popular as a subject in the great sculptural schools until the relatively gentle 4th-century-BC spirit prevailed.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artemis — von Leochares (Louvre) Artemis (griechisch Ἄρτεμις) ist in der griechischen Mythologie die Göttin der Jagd, des Waldes und die Hüterin der Frauen und Kinder. Sie zählt zu den zwölf großen olympischen Göt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Artemis — Artémis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Artémis (homonymie). Diane de Versailles, copie romaine d un original grec de 330 av …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Artemis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Artemis (satélite). Artemis Artemis Sexo Masculino Codename wa Sailor V / Sailor Moon …   Wikipedia Español

  • ARTÉMIS — Malgré son nom probablement d’origine anatolienne, le lien qui unirait Artémis à la partie non hellénique de l’Asie Mineure est loin d’apparaître clairement. Son appartenance de longue date au monde grec ne saurait, en revanche, faire de doute,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Artemis — {{Artemis}} Tochter des Zeus* und der Leto*, Zwillingsschwester des Apollon*. Artemis war eine alte und bedeutende Muttergottheit des östlichen Mittelmeerraums, gütig und grausam zugleich, Herrin über die Tierwelt, Geburtshelferin, Mond und… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Artemis — (Толон,Греция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Bouboulinas 7A, Толон, 21056, Грец …   Каталог отелей

  • Artemis — (Карпенисион,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Theodosiou Ifantidi 7, Карпенисион, 36100, Гре …   Каталог отелей

  • Artemis — (Ормос Прину,Греция) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Prinos, Ормос Прину, 64010, Греция …   Каталог отелей

  • Artemis — Artemis, in der griech. Mythologie die jungfräuliche Tochter des Zeus und der Leto (Latona), nach der gewöhnlichen Sage auf Delos als ältere Zwillingsschwester des Apollon geboren, neben dem sie an allen wichtigern Stätten des Apollondienstes… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Artemis — (Саас Фе,Швейцария) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Hannigstrasse 1, 3906 Саас Фе …   Каталог отелей

  • Artemis — (Макриялос,Греция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Makry Gialos, Макриялос, 72055 …   Каталог отелей

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”