/ahr"beuhr/, n.
1. a leafy, shady recess formed by tree branches, shrubs, etc.
2. a latticework bower intertwined with climbing vines and flowers.
3. Obs. a grass plot; lawn; garden; orchard.
Also, esp. Brit., arbour.
[1350-1400; ME (h)erber < AF, OF (h)erbier HERBARIUM; resp. with -or under the influence of ARBOR3]
/ahr"beuhr/, n.
1. Mach.
a. a bar, shaft, or axis that holds, turns, or supports a rotating cutting tool or grinding wheel, often having a tapered shank fitting tightly into the spindle of a machine tool. Cf. mandrel.
b. a beam, shaft, axle, or spindle.
2. Metall. a reinforcing member of a core or mold.
[1650-60; resp., by assoc. with ARBOR3, of earlier arber, arbre < F, OF < L arbor wooden beam or part in an olive press, tree]
arboresque, adj.
/ahr"beuhr/, n., pl. arbores /ahr"beuh reez'/. Bot.
a tree.
[1660-70; < NL, L: tree.]

* * *

Garden shelter providing privacy and partial protection from the weather, most commonly a lightweight, latticed framework (trellis) of wood or metal with interlaced branches of vines or climbing shrubs trained over it.

If there is a distinction between an arbor and a bower, it is that the bower is an entirely natural recess whereas an arbor is only partially natural.

* * *

▪ garden shelter
      garden shelter providing privacy and partial protection from the weather. The name is used for a modest garden building of any material; it has been applied to examples as varied as a wrought-iron shelter at Melbourne Hall, Derbyshire, Eng., and houses constructed of pebbles, brick, or masonry. It is more correctly limited to rustic garden houses that are made up entirely of interlaced branches of growing trees and shrubs or of greenery trained over a light framework of wood or metal. If there is a distinction between an arbor and a bower, it is that the bower is an entirely natural recess whereas an arbor is only partially natural.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.


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  • arbor- — arbor(i) ♦ Élément, du lat. arbor « arbre ». arbor(i) ❖ ♦ Élément, du lat. arbor « arbre » …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • árbor — (del lat. «arbor, ŏris»; ant.) m. Árbol. * * * árbor. (Del lat. arbor, ŏris). m. desus. árbol …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • ARBOR — inter Numina Idololatrarum. Cuiusmodi cultum antiquissimum fuisse, arguit Iudaica superstitio, a Cananaeis veterib. hausta et ad gentes postmodum alias illata. Hinc Hoseae c. 4. v. 13. Super capita montium sacrificabant et super colles,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • arbor — (n.) c.1300, herber, herb garden, from O.Fr. erbier field, meadow; kitchen garden, from L. herba grass, herb (see HERB (Cf. herb)). Later a grassy plot (early 14c., a sense also in Old French), a shaded nook (mid 14c.). Probably not from L. arbor …   Etymology dictionary

  • árbor — (Del lat. arbor, ŏris). m. desus. árbol …   Diccionario de la lengua española

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  • Arbor — Ar bor, n. [OE. herber, herbere, properly a garden of herbs, F. herbier, fr. L. herbarium. See {Herb}, and cf. {Herbarium}.] A kind of latticework formed of, or covered with, vines, branches of trees, or other plants, for shade; a bower. Sir P.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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