alkane

alkane
/al"kayn/, n. Chem.
any member of the alkane series.
[1895-1900; ALK(YL) + -ANE]

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Any of a class of hydrocarbons whose molecules consist only of carbon and hydrogen atoms joined by single covalent bonds (general formula CnH(2n + 2)).

The simplest is methane (CH4). Alkanes with more than three carbon atoms may have straight and branched isomers. Cycloalkanes have ring structures (but are not aromatic compounds) with two fewer hydrogen atoms per molecule than the corresponding alkane; many have more than one ring. Commercial sources include petroleum and natural gas. Uses, often as mixtures, include fuels, solvents, and raw materials. See also paraffin.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • alkane — n. (Chem.) a non aromatic saturated acyclic hydrocarbon with the general formula {CnH(2n+2)}. A member of the {alkane series}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alkane — Alkane, soviel wie Grenzkohlenwasserstoffe …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • alkane — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ any of the series of saturated hydrocarbons including methane, ethane, propane, and higher members. ORIGIN from ALKYL(Cf. ↑24 7) …   English terms dictionary

  • alkane — [al′kān΄] n. [ ALK(YL) + (METH)ANE] any of a series of saturated hydrocarbons with open chains, having the formula CnH2n+2: these compounds are sometimes said to be in the methane or paraffin series …   English World dictionary

  • Alkane — Keilstrich Struktur von n Alkanen Als Alkane (Grenzkohlenwasserstoffe, früher Paraffine) bezeichnet man in der organischen Chemie die Stoffgruppe der gesättigten, acyclischen Kohlenwasserstoffe, deren Vertreter nur aus den beiden Elementen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alkane — Not to be confused with Alkene or Alkyne. Chemical structure of methane, the simplest alkane Alkanes (also known as paraffins or saturated hydrocarbons) are chemical compounds that consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms and are bonded… …   Wikipedia

  • Alkane — Al|ka|ne 〈Pl.; Chem.〉 gesättigte aliphat. Kohlenwasserstoffe, z. B. Methan, Ethan, Propan, auf denen die gesamte aliphatische Chemie aufbaut; Sy 〈veraltet〉 Paraffine (2) * * * Alkane   [Kurzwort], Singular Alkan das, s, früher Paraffine,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • alkane — n. chemical compound of the alkane series …   English contemporary dictionary

  • alkane — /ˈælkeɪn/ (say alkayn) noun any member of the alkane (paraffin) series, with the general formula CnH2n+2 …  

  • alkane — alkanas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Alifatinis angliavandenilis, neturintis daugiagubųjų ryšių. atitikmenys: angl. alkane; paraffin rus. алкан; парафин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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