/al"boyn, -boh in/, n.
died A.D. 573?, king of the Langobards 561?-573?

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▪ king of Lombardy
died June 28, 572 or 573, Verona, Lombardy [Italy]

      king of the Germanic Lombards (Lombard) whose exceptional military and political skills enabled him to conquer northern Italy.

      When Alboin succeeded his father, Audoin, about 565, the Lombards occupied Noricum and Pannonia (now in Austria and western Hungary), while their long-standing enemies the Gepidae bordered them on the east in Dacia (now Hungary). Astutely allying himself with the Avars, the eastern neighbours of the Gepidae, Alboin defeated his foes and killed their king, Cunimund. After the death of his first wife, he forced Cunimund's daughter Rosamund to marry him. Wars against the Gepidae probably resumed thereafter nonetheless.

      Alboin assembled adventurers from other Germanic tribes, including some Saxons, and prepared his combined forces, together with their women and children, for a migration across the Alps into Italy, which was held at that time by the Byzantines. The severely disorganized and generally unprepared provinces in northern Italy offered little resistance to the invading Lombards. Having swept through Venice, Milan, Tuscany, and Benevento, in 572 or 573 Alboin conquered Pavia, on the Ticino River, the future capital of the newly created Lombard kingdom. According to tradition, Alboin was assassinated by order of his wife Rosamund after he had forced her to follow the Lombard custom of drinking from the skull of her slain father; the Byzantines seem to have had a hand in the plot.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Alboin — or Alboïn (died 572 or 573) was king of the Lombards, and conqueror of Italy. He succeeded his father Audoin about 565. Cognates to these rather alien looking names in Old English are Ælfwine (meaning Elf friend ) and Eadwine ( Wealth friend ).… …   Wikipedia

  • Alboin — (* vor 526; † 28. Juni 572 oder 573 in Verona) entstammte wie sein Vorgänger Audoin der Familie der Gausen. Alboin war ein König der Langobarden und der Gründer des Langobardenreichs in Italien. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Rezeption …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alboin — Alboïn Les conquêtes lombardes en Italie sous le règne du roi Alboïn. Alboïn (Alboino en italien; Alboinus en latin) fut un roi lombard du milieu du VIe siècle qui conduisit son peuple en Italie en 568, jetant les bases du roy …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alboin — Alboin, Sohn Audoins, folgte seinem Vater 561 als König der Longobarden in Pannonien, führte mit den Ostgothen u. Gepiden glückliche Kriege, brach 568 mit Gepiden u. Sachsen in Italien ein, welches er eroberte u. das Longobardische Reich dort… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alboīn — Alboīn, König der Langobarden, entschied 551 eine mörderische Schlacht gegen die Gepiden zugunsten der Langobarden, heiratete um 555 Chlotosuintha, Tochter des Frankenkönigs Chlotar, folgte 561 seinem Vater Audoin, schloß 565 ein Bündnis mit den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alboin — Albŏin, König der Langobarden, folgte 561 seinem Vater Audoin auf dem Throne in Pannonien, besiegte die Gepiden und eroberte 568 Italien bis zum Tiber; auf Anstiften seiner Gemahlin Rosamunde, Tochter des von ihm erschlagenen Gepidenkönigs… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alboin — Alboin, Sohn Audoins, König der Longobarden 561–574, besiegte die Gepiden, erschlug ihren König Kunimund und heirathete dessen Tochter Rosamunde. 568 brach er aus Pannonien und Noricum gegen Italien auf und eroberte die nördl. Hälfte, Pavia nach… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Alboin — [al′boin΄, al′bō in΄] died A.D. 572; king of the Lombards (565? 572): conqueror of N Italy …   English World dictionary

  • Alboin — (d. 572)    According to Paul the Deacon, Alboin was the tenth of the Lombard kings (r. 560/561 574) and the first to rule in Italy. A successful warrior, who defeated a number of rival peoples, including the Gepids, he was also a successful… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Alboïn — Les conquêtes lombardes en Italie sous le règne du roi Alboïn. Alboïn (italien : Alboino ; latin : Alboinus ; du germanique Alfwin/Elfwin, Elfe ami ) fut un roi lombard du milieu du VIe siècle qui conduisit son peuple en …   Wikipédia en Français

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