/euh booh"jeuh/, n.
the capital of Nigeria, in the central part. 378,671.

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City (pop., 1995 est.: 423,391), federal capital of Nigeria.

Construction of the city, at a site chosen for its healthful climate and central location about 300 mi (480 km) northeast of Lagos, began in 1976 under the architect Tange Kenzo. It officially replaced Lagos as the capital in 1991.

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      city and capital of Nigeria. It lies in the central part of the Abuja federal capital territory (created 1976), approximately 300 miles (480 km) northeast of Lagos, the former capital (until 1991). During the 1980s the new capital city (designed by the Department of Architecture of Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria) was built and developed on the grass-covered Chukuku Hills.

      The site was chosen for Nigeria's new capital because of its central location, easy accessibility, salubrious climate, low population density, and the availability of land for future expansion. It was the first planned city to be built in Nigeria. Abuja lies at 1,180 feet (360 m) above sea level and has a cooler climate and less humidity than is found in Lagos. The city was planned with a projected population of about 25,000 in the early stages of occupation and is divided into two zones. The central area contains the National Assembly, the city hall, national cultural institutes, and other government-related offices. The other zone provides housing, shopping facilities, and other urban amenities. The University of Abuja was founded in 1988. Abuja has an airport, and expressways connect the federal capital with other state capitals. High-tension power lines conduct electricity to the city from Shiroro Dam, on the Niger River, 46 miles (75 km) southwest of Abuja.

      federal capital territory, central Nigeria, created in 1976. The territory is located north of the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers. It is bordered by the states of Niger to the west and northwest, Kaduna to the northeast, Nassarawa to the east and south, and Kogi to the southwest. Abuja, the federal capital and a planned modern city, is located near the centre of the territory.

      The region is underlain by crystalline rocks consisting of granites and gneisses. The vegetation is mainly savanna with limited forest areas. Agriculture, the economic mainstay, produces yams, millet, corn (maize), sorghum, and beans. The population comprises the Gwari, Koro, Ganagana, Gwandara, Afo, and Bassa ethnic groups, predominantly dairy farmers. Hausa and Fulani also live in the territory. Mineral resources include clay, tin, feldspar, gold, iron ore, lead, marble, and talc. Abuja city has an airport and major road connections. Area 2,824 square miles (7,315 square km). Pop. (2006 prelim.) capital territory, 1,405,201.

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Universalium. 2010.

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