Abilene

Abilene
/ab"euh leen'/, n.
a city in central Texas. 98,315.

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I
City (pop., 2000: 115,930), northwestern Texas, U.S. Founded in 1881 as the new railhead for the overland Texas cattle drives, it took the business of the previous railhead, Abilene, Kan.

It is the site of several educational institutions, the West Texas Fair, and the reconstructed Old Abilene Town.
II
Town (pop., 2000: 6,543), Kansas, U.S. It lies on the Smoky Hill River east of Salina.

Settled in 1858, it gained importance when it became the railway terminus for overland Texas cattle drives. With the prosperity of the cattlemen came an era of lawlessness; Wild Bill Hickok was its marshal in 1871. Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower spent his boyhood there and is buried at the Eisenhower Center, which includes his family home and library.

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      city, seat (1861) of Dickinson county, east-central Kansas, U.S. The city lies along the Smoky Hill River.

      Settled in 1858 and known as Mud Creek, it was named about 1860 for the biblical Abilene (which means “grassy plain”). Development was slow until Joseph McCoy, a cattle entrepreneur and later mayor of Abilene, selected it as the northern terminus of the Texas cattle (livestock) drives in 1867, the year the Kansas Pacific Railroad reached this point. At their peak in 1871, cattle drives over the Chisholm Trail brought some 700,000 cattle and more than 5,000 cowboys into Abilene. With the prosperity of the cattlemen came an era of lawlessness. The famed gunman Wild Bill Hickok (Hickok, Wild Bill) served as the town's marshal in 1871 and is reputed to have killed more than 50 alleged lawbreakers during his brief tenure. The appearance of homesteaders and fenced ranges discouraged the Texas cattle trade, much of which was diverted to Wichita. Winter-wheat cultivation was introduced in Abilene in the mid-1870s and remains economically important. Abilene is still a shipping point for livestock, as well as for grain and other agricultural products, and it has some light industry.

      President Dwight D. Eisenhower (Eisenhower, Dwight D.) spent his boyhood in Abilene, and he is buried in the Place of Meditation at the Eisenhower Center, which also encompasses his family home and library. Other popular attractions include the Kansas Sports Hall of Fame and the Greyhound Hall of Fame, dedicated to the history of the dog since ancient times. Inc. 1869. Pop. (1990) 6,242; (2000) 6,543.

      city, seat (1883) of Taylor county (and partly in Jones county), west-central Texas, U.S. It lies on low, rolling plains 153 miles (246 km) west of Fort Worth. Founded in 1881 as the new railhead (built by the Texas and Pacific Railway (Texas and Pacific Railway Company)) for the overland Texas cattle drives, it took not only the business of the previous railhead, Abilene, Kansas, but also its biblical name, which in Hebrew means “grassy plain.” The city's economy, originally based solely on livestock and agriculture, has expanded to include industry. Petroleum and natural gas are produced in a multicounty area, of which Abilene is the centre. The city's manufactures include light machinery, aerospace structures, and band instruments. Abilene is the site of Hardin-Simmons University (1891; Baptist), Abilene Christian University (1906; Churches of Christ), and McMurry University (1923; United Methodist). Dyess Air Force Base lies just southwest. The West Texas Fair, rodeos, and livestock shows are annual events. The Grace Museum, comprising an art museum, a historical museum, and a children's museum, is a local landmark, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Old Abilene Town (northeast) is a reconstructed Texas frontier town. Inc. 1883. Pop. (1990) city, 106,654; Abilene MSA, 119,655; (2000) city, 115,930; Abilene MSA, 126,555.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Abilene — may refer to:*Abilene (biblical), a plain in Syria, on the east slope of Anti Lebanon mountain range *Abilene (film), a 1999 American film starring Earnest Borgnine *Abilene Network, the American national academic backbone network, part of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Abilène — Abilene Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Abilene peut désigne : Géographie Abilène une ancienne région de Syrie autour de la localité actuelle de Suq Wadi Barada Abilene (Alberta),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abilene — puede referirse a: Abilene (Biblia); distrito romano o tetrarquía de la región del Antilíbano. Paradoja de Abilene; declaración que define la tendencia a tomar decisiones grupales poco satisfactorias. En geografía: Abilene (Alberta) Canadá.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abilene — steht für: Abilene (Syrien), im 1. Jahrhundert v. Chr. syrische Tetrarchie, ab 69 Teil der römischen Provinz Syria das Netzwerk Internet2 (als Codename) Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Abilene (Georgia) Abilene (Kansas) Abilene (Texas) Abilene… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abilene — Abilene, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 6543 Housing Units (2000): 3104 Land area (2000): 4.128864 sq. miles (10.693709 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.128864 sq. miles (10.693709 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Abilene, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 6543 Housing Units (2000): 3104 Land area (2000): 4.128864 sq. miles (10.693709 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.128864 sq. miles (10.693709 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Abilene, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 115930 Housing Units (2000): 45618 Land area (2000): 105.131329 sq. miles (272.288881 sq. km) Water area (2000): 5.478724 sq. miles (14.189829 sq. km) Total area (2000): 110.610053 sq. miles (286.478710 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • ABILENE — ABILENE, district in Coele Syria, centered around the city of Abila (modern Suq on the Barada River, 16½ mi. (27 km.) N.W. of Damascus) and extending over the western slopes of Mt. Hermon. Originally part of the Iturean principality, it was held… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abilene — f English (U.S.): a comparatively rare name. In the New Testament, Abilene is a region of the Holy Land (Luke 3: 1), whose name is of uncertain origin, but may be derived from a Hebrew element meaning ‘grass’. Several places in America have been… …   First names dictionary

  • Abilene — Distrito romano o tetrarquía de la región del Antilíbano, al norte del monte Hermón. Recibió su nombre de la capital, Abila, ciudad enclavada en un pintoresco desfiladero junto a la orilla del río Abaná (conocido hoy como Barada). * * * ► C. de E …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abilene —   [ æbəliːn],    1) Stadt in Kansas, USA, nördlich von Wichita, 6 600 Einwohner;   Wirtschaft:   war 1867 81 bedeutende Eisenbahnverladestation (Kansas Pacific Railroad) für den Viehtrieb aus Texas.    2) Stadt im mittleren Texas, USA, 107 000… …   Universal-Lexikon

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