Zulu War

Zulu War
a war in South Africa (1879) between Zulu tribes and British armed forces. After several battles the Zulus were finally defeated at Ulundi.

* * *

▪ South African history
      (1879), decisive six-month war in eastern South Africa, resulting in British victory over the Zulus. Before the war the Tugela River formed the boundary between Zululand and the British (British Empire) colony of Natal. Cetshwayo (q.v.) became king of the Zulus in the early 1870s. Unwilling to submit to British hegemony, he assembled a well-disciplined army of 40,000 to 60,000 men. Late in 1878 he received an ultimatum from Natal to disband his army and pay reparations for alleged insults. When he did not respond, British troops invaded under the leadership of Lord Chelmsford. Although the January 1879 rains impeded travel and the tall grasses of Zululand blocked their view, the invaders advanced into Zululand without taking normal precautions (such as scouts and sentries). The Zulu army attacked and annihilated the central British column at Isandhlwana, killing 800 British soldiers and taking nearly 1,000 rifles, with ammunition.

      Later, British reinforcements arrived and Cetshwayo fled. The British advantage met a setback in April with the unsolicited arrival of a French prince, Napoleon III's son, in search of adventure. He joined a British expedition, underestimated the enemy, and was killed in a surprise attack in May. His death was an embarrassment for the British, who had been unable to protect him. Their victories continued, nevertheless. In July Cetshwayo was decisively defeated at Ulundi. Zululand then came under informal British control. It was annexed to Natal in 1887.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ndwandwe–Zulu War — Zulu Civil War Date 1817–1819 Place Zululand, South Africa Result Zulu victory, Difaqane Combatants Zulu Kingdom Ndwandwe Commanders …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Zulu War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Anglo Zulu War partof= caption= A recent depiction of the Battle of Rorke s Drift date=11 January 1879 4 July 1879 place=South Africa result=Decisive British Victory End of the Independent Zulu Nation combatant1 …   Wikipedia

  • List of Zulu War Victoria Cross recipients — The Victoria Cross (VC) was awarded to 27 members of the British Armed Forces for action during the Zulu War of 1879. The Victoria Cross is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of the armed forces of some… …   Wikipedia

  • (the) Zulu War — the Zulu War [the Zulu War] a war in South Africa (1879) between Zulu tribes and British armed forces. After several battles the Zulus were finally defeated at Ulundi …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zulu Dawn — Infobox Film name = Zulu Dawn caption = film poster by Tom Chantrell director = Douglas Hickox producer = Nate Kohn James Faulkner writer = Cy Endfield Anthony Story narrator = starring = Burt Lancaster Peter O Toole Simon Ward Bob Hoskins music …   Wikipedia

  • Zulu (film) — Infobox Film name = Zulu iamge size = 215px caption = original film poster director = Cy Endfield producer = Stanley Baker Cy Endfield writer = John Prebble Cy Endfield narrator = Richard Burton starring = Stanley Baker Jack Hawkins Ulla… …   Wikipedia

  • Zulu Kingdom — Infobox Former Country native name= Wene wa Zulu conventional long name=Kingdom of Zulu common name=Zulu Kingdom continent=Africa region=Southern Africa country=South Africa year start=1817 year end=1879 date start= date end= event start=Zulu… …   Wikipedia

  • Zulu Wars — (1879)    A brief conflict between the Zulu Kingdom of southern Africa and the British Empire. When British colonial possessions in southern Africa expanded through the annexation of the Transvaal in 1877, the Zulu people, under their chief… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Zulu (Volk) — Zulu Krieger Die Zulu (auch amaZulu) sind eine afrikanische Volksgruppe der Bantu mit heute ca. elf Millionen Menschen und die größte ethnische Gruppe Südafrikas. Sie leben hauptsächlich in der südafrikanischen Provinz KwaZulu Natal. Die Sprache… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zulu — Infobox Ethnic group group = Zulus pop = 10,659,309 (2001 census) [http://www.southafrica.info/ess info/sa glance/demographics/census main.htm South Africa grows to 44.8 million] , on the site [http://www.southafrica.info southafrica.info]… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”