Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
- Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
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. 5, 1964) Resolution by the U.S. Congress authorizing Pres.
Lyndon B. Johnson to use "all necessary measures" to repel armed attacks against U.S. forces in Vietnam. It was drafted in response to the alleged shelling of two U.S. navy ships by North Vietnam in the Gulf of Tonkin. Later information disputed the severity of the attack. The resolution was cited as authorization for the subsequent expansion of the Vietnam War
; many in Congress came to see it as a blank check for the president, and it was repealed in 1970.
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also called Tonkin Gulf Resolution,
resolution put before the U.S. Congress by President Lyndon Johnson (Johnson, Lyndon B.
) on Aug. 5, 1964, assertedly in reaction to two allegedly unprovoked attacks by North Vietnamese torpedo (Vietnam War
) boats on the destroyers Maddox
and C. Turner Joy
of the U.S. Seventh Fleet in the Gulf of Tonkin on August 2 and August 4, respectively. Its stated purpose was to approve and support the determination of the president, as commander in chief, in taking all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression. It also declared that the maintenance of international peace and security in Southeast Asia was vital to American interests and to world peace.
Both houses of Congress passed the resolution on August 7, the House of Representatives by 414 votes to nil, and the Senate by a vote of 88 to 2. The resolution served as the principal constitutional authorization for the subsequent vast escalation of the United States' military involvement in the Vietnam War. Several years later, as the American public became increasingly disillusioned with the Vietnam War, many congressmen came to see the resolution as giving the president a blanket power to wage war, and the resolution was repealed in 1970.
In 1995 Vo Nguyen Giap
, who had been North Vietnam's military commander during the Vietnam War, acknowledged the August 2 attack on the Maddox
but denied that the Vietnamese had launched another attack on August 4, as the Johnson administration had claimed at the time.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution — The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (officially, the Southeast Asia Resolution, Public Law 88 408) was addressed by Lyndon B. Johnson as a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 10, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement… … Wikipedia
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution — 1964 Congressional resolution which authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to involve American troops in the Vietnam War … English contemporary dictionary
Gulf of Tonkin Incident — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Gulf of Tonkin Incident caption=USS Maddox fires upon three P 4 torpedo boats partof=Vietnam War date=August 2, 1964 place=Gulf of Tonkin result=Gulf of Tonkin Resolution combatant1=flag|United States combatant2 … Wikipedia
Gulf of Tonkin — Chinese pic=Gulf of Tonkin location.gif s=1. 东京湾 2. 北部湾 t=1. 東京灣 2. 北部灣 p=1. Dōngjīng Wān 2. Běibù Wān j=1. dung1 ging1 waan1 2. bak1 bou6 waan1 l=1. Gulf of Tonkin 2. Gulf of the northern part qn=1. Vịnh Bắc Bộ 2. Vịnh Bắc Phần 3. Vịnh Bắc Việt… … Wikipedia
Tonkin-Resolution — US Präsident Lyndon B. Johnson unterschreibt die Tonkin Resolution … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tonkin (disambiguation) — Tonkin refers to:;Vietnam:* Đông Kinh , a former name of Hanoi, Vietnam *Tonkin, the northernmost part of Vietnam *Gulf of Tonkin, a gulf in the South China Sea *Gulf of Tonkin Incident, a 1964 naval incident that precipitated the Gulf of Tonkin… … Wikipedia
Résolution du golfe de Tonkin — Entre le 2 août et le 4 août 1964, deux destroyers américains, le USS Maddox et le USS Turner Joy, qui se sont aventurés dans les eaux territoriales du Nord Viêt Nam, essuient des tirs de la part des Nord Vietnamiens. Il est établi aujourd hui… … Wikipédia en Français
Tonkin, Gulf of — Arm of the South China Sea, between northern Vietnam and Hainan Island, China. It is 300 mi (500 km) long and 150 mi (250 km) wide. In 1964 the Vietnamese reportedly fired on U.S. ships there, leading the U.S. Congress to adopt the Gulf of Tonkin … Universalium
gulf — gulflike, adj. gulfy, adj. /gulf/, n. 1. a portion of an ocean or sea partly enclosed by land. 2. a deep hollow; chasm or abyss. 3. any wide separation, as in position, status, or education. 4. something that engulfs or swallows up. v.t. 5. to… … Universalium
Resolution (law) — This article concerns the legal meaning of the term resolution . For other meanings, see Resolution (disambiguation). A resolution is a written motion adopted by a deliberative body. The substance of the resolution can be anything that can… … Wikipedia