Thirty-nine Articles

Thirty-nine Articles
the set of religious principles that form the basic beliefs of the Church of England. They were agreed upon in 1571 and were based on an earlier set produced by Thomas Cranmer in 1563. Traditionally they are printed at the end of The Book of Common Prayer and anyone becoming a minister in the Church of England has to agree with them.

* * *

      the doctrinal statement of the Church of England. With the Book of Common Prayer, they present the liturgy and doctrine of that church. The Thirty-nine Articles developed from the Forty-two Articles, written by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (Cranmer, Thomas) in 1553 “for the avoiding of controversy in opinions.” These had been partly derived from the Thirteen Articles of 1538, designed as the basis of an agreement between Henry VIII and the German Lutheran princes, which had been influenced by the Lutheran Augsburg Confession (1530).

      The Forty-two Articles were eliminated when Mary I became queen (1553) and restored Roman Catholicism. After Elizabeth I became queen (1558), a new statement of doctrine was needed. In 1563 the Canterbury Convocation (Canterbury and York, Convocations of) (the periodic assembly of clergy of the province of Canterbury) drastically revised the Forty-two Articles, and additional changes were made at Elizabeth's request. A final revision by convocation in 1571 produced the Thirty-nine Articles, which were approved by both convocation and Parliament, though Elizabeth had wanted to issue them under her own authority. Only the clergy had to subscribe to them.

      In form they deal briefly with the doctrines accepted by Roman Catholics and Protestants alike and more fully with points of controversy. The articles on the sacraments reflect a Calvinist tone, while other parts intimate Lutheran or Catholic positions. They are often studiously ambiguous, however, because the Elizabethan government wished to make the national church as inclusive of different viewpoints as possible.

      The status of the Thirty-nine Articles varies in the several churches of the Anglican Communion. Since 1865 Church of England clergy have had to declare only that the doctrine in the articles is “agreeable to the Word of God.” In the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, where the articles were revised in 1801 to remove references to royal supremacy, neither clergy nor laity is required formally to subscribe to them. In 1977 the articles were relegated to an appendix in the revised prayer book.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thirty-nine Articles — The articles of religious belief finally agreed upon by the bishops and clergy of the Church of England in 1562 • • • Main Entry: ↑article Thirty nine Articles plural noun The set of doctrines of the Church of England, formally accepted by those… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Thirty-Nine Articles — The Thirty Nine Articles of Religion were established in 1563, and are the historic defining statements of Anglican doctrine in relation to the controversies of the English Reformation; especially in the relation of Calvinist doctrine and Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Thirty-Nine Articles — Trente neuf articles Les Trente neuf articles ou plus précisément, en anglais, les Thirty Nine Articles of Religion, qui furent établis en 1563, sont l énoncé historique de la doctrine anglicane, relatifs aux controverses de la Réforme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thirty-nine Articles — Thirty nine Ar|ti|cles, the a set of 39 statements which form the main beliefs of the Church of England. They were written in 1571 and people who become priests in the church must first formally accept these beliefs …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Thirty-nine Articles —    See Articles of Religion …   American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • thirty-nine articles — See articles of faith …   Black's law dictionary

  • The Thirty-nine Articles — Article Ar ti*cle, n. [F., fr. L. articulus, dim. of artus joint, akin to Gr. ?, fr. a root ar to join, fit. See {Art}, n.] 1. A distinct portion of an instrument, discourse, literary work, or any other writing, consisting of two or more… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • (the) Thirty-nine Articles — the Thirty nine Articles [the Thirty nine Articles] the set of religious principles that form the basic beliefs of the ↑Church of England. They were agreed upon in 1571 and were based on an earlier set produced by Thomas Cranmer in 1563.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Thirty-nine Articles — plural noun a series of points of doctrine historically accepted as representing the teaching of the Church of England …   English new terms dictionary

  • Thirty-nine Articles —  Тридцать девять статей …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”