Stanford University

Stanford University
a major private university in Stanford, California, near Palo Alto. It was established in 1885 by Leland Stanford and his wife. In 2003 it had about 14 000 students.

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official name  Leland Stanford Junior University 

      private coeducational institution of higher learning at Stanford, California, U.S. (adjacent to Palo Alto), one of the most prestigious in the country. The university was founded in 1885 by railroad magnate Leland Stanford (Stanford, Leland) and his wife, Jane (née Lathrop), and was dedicated to their deceased only child, Leland, Jr.; it opened in 1891. The university campus largely occupies Stanford's former Palo Alto farm. The buildings, conceived by landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted (Olmsted, Frederick Law) and designed by architect Charles Allerton Coolidge, are of soft buff sandstone in a style similar to the old California mission architecture, being long and low with wide colonnades, open arches, and red-tiled roofs. The campus sustained heavy damage from earthquakes in 1906 and 1989 but was rebuilt each time. The university was coeducational from the outset, though between 1899 and 1933 enrollment of women students was limited to 500.

      Stanford maintains overseas study centres in France, Italy, Germany, England, Argentina, Mexico, Chile, Japan, and Russia; about one-third of its undergraduates study at one of these sites for one or two academic quarters. A study and internship program is also offered in Washington, D.C. The university offers a broad range of undergraduate, graduate, and professional degree programs in schools of law, medicine, education, engineering, business, earth sciences, and humanities and sciences. Total enrollment exceeds 14,000.

      Stanford is a national centre for research and is home to more than 120 research institutes. The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace—founded in 1919 by Stanford alumnus (and future U.S. president) Herbert Hoover (Hoover, Herbert) to preserve documents related to World War I—contains more than 1.6 million volumes and 50 million documents dealing with 20th-century international relations and public policy. The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center ( SLAC), established in 1962, is one of the world's premier laboratories for research in particle physics. Other noted research facilities include the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, the Institute for International Studies, and the Stanford Humanities Center.

      The Stanford Medical Center, completed on the campus in 1959, is one of the top teaching hospitals in the country; it has more than 850 beds. Other notable campus locations are the Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts (housing the university museum) and its adjacent sculpture garden, containing works by Auguste Rodin (Rodin, Auguste), and Hanna House (1937), designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright (Wright, Frank Lloyd). Adjacent to the campus is the Stanford Research Park (1951), one of the world's principal locations for the development of electronics and computer technology. The Hopkins Marine Station is maintained by the university at Pacific Grove on Monterey Bay, and a biological field station is located near the campus at Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve.

      Stanford's distinguished faculty has included many Nobel laureates, including Milton Friedman (Friedman, Milton) (economics), Arthur Kornberg (Kornberg, Arthur) (biochemistry), and Burton Richter (Richter, Burton) (physics). Among the university's many notable alumni are writers John Steinbeck (Steinbeck, John) and Ken Kesey (Kesey, Ken), painter Robert Motherwell (Motherwell, Robert), U.S. Supreme Court Justices William Hubbs Rehnquist (Rehnquist, William) and Sandra Day O'Connor (O'Connor, Sandra Day), astronaut Sally Ride (Ride, Sally), and golfer Tiger Woods (Woods, Tiger).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Stanford University —   [ stænfəd juːnɪ vəːsəti], private Universität in Palo Alto (Calif.), gegründet von dem Eisenbahnmagnaten und Senator Leland Stanford Jr. (* 1824, ✝ 1893), gegliedert in sieben große Fachbereiche. Die Hälfte der Studenten studiert ein halbes… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Stanford University — Infobox University image size= 165px caption = Seal of Leland Stanford Junior University name = Leland Stanford Junior University motto = de. Die Luft der Freiheit weht (German) [cite speech|title=Die Luft der Freiheit weht On and… …   Wikipedia

  • Stanford-University — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Professoren fehlt Stanford University Motto Die Luft der Freiheit weht Gründung 1891 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stanford University — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Logo fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Professoren fehlt Stanford University Motto Die Luft der Freiheit weht Gründung 1891 Trägerschaft privat Ort Stanford (Kalifornien) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stanford University — Université Stanford Université Stanford Devise Die Luft der Freiheit weht (allemand) Le vent de la liberté souffle Nom original Leland Stanford Junior University Informations Fondation 1891 Type Université privée Localisation Palo Alto …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stanford University — Координаты: 37°25′44″ с. ш. 122°10′10″ з. д. /  …   Википедия

  • Stanford University — noun a university in California • Syn: ↑Stanford • Instance Hypernyms: ↑university • Part Holonyms: ↑Palo Alto * * * Stanford University [Stanford University] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Stanford University School of Medicine — Mission …   Wikipedia

  • Stanford University Medical Center — (Stanford Hospital Clinics) is one of four hospitals affiliated with Stanford University and Stanford University School of Medicine, along with the Lucile Packard Children s Hospital, the Veteran s Administration Hospital in Palo Alto, and Santa… …   Wikipedia

  • Stanford University Press — (SUP) ist der Verlag der Universität Stanford in Stanford, Kalifornien, in den Vereinigten Staaten. Bereits ein Jahr nach der Gründung der Universität 1891 erschien das erste Werk mit dem Aufdruck „Stanford“. Der Name „Stanford University Press“… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stanford University Mathematics Camp — Stanford University Mathematics Camp, or SUMaC, is a competitive summer mathematics program for rising high school juniors and seniors around the world. The camp lasts for 4 weeks, usually from mid July to mid August. It is based on the campus of …   Wikipedia

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