National Maritime Museum

National Maritime Museum
a museum in Greenwich, London, with a collection of paintings, boats and other historical items connected with the sea.

* * *

      national museum concerned with the maritime history of Great Britain. It is situated near the River Thames (Thames, River) in Greenwich Park, Greenwich, southeast London.

      The National Maritime Museum actually occupies three buildings. The principal building, known as the Queen's House, was designed by Inigo Jones (Jones, Inigo) and was completed in 1635 for Henrietta Maria, wife of Charles I. It was built on the grounds of the former Tudor royal palace where Elizabeth I was born. During the 19th century, two wings were added after the complex became a school for the orphans of sailors. The building was further enlarged for use as the Royal Naval College. The museum was established by act of Parliament in 1934, and, following renovation of the buildings left vacant by the school (1933–35), it occupied the complex. The Royal Observatory Greenwich, also located in the park, is administered by the museum. The observatory was founded by Charles II in 1675 and marks the 0° longitude meridian (Greenwich meridian).

      The collections of the museum are diverse and extensive. The holdings of ship models and ship plans date from the 17th century, and there is also a significant collection of boats that date from prehistoric times but that are mainly from the 19th century and later. A fine collection of navigational and astronomical instruments includes outstanding globes and chronometers. The museum has a particularly fine group of Dutch and British marine artworks, including 1,400 drawings by the 17th-century artists Willem van de Veldes the Elder and Willem the Younger. There are also much decorative art (often of a commemorative nature), other memorabilia, and an extensive archive that includes film and photographs.

      Some of the finest paintings are exhibited in the Queen's House and include works by Sir Peter Lely, Sir Anthony Van Dyck, William Hogarth, Sir Joshua Reynolds, George Romney, and J.M.W. Turner. There is a broadly chronological approach to the main museum displays, which pay special attention to such mariners as Lord Nelson (Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount) and James Cook (Cook, James). The Royal Observatory Greenwich contains much historical material relating to the site and also houses a planetarium.

Geoffrey D. Lewis

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Maritime Museum — Entrée principale du musée maritime Informations géographiques Coordonnée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • National Maritime Museum — Das National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London beherbergt etwa 2 Millionen Exponate aus dem Bereich der Seefahrt und gilt somit als größtes Museum für Seefahrtsgeschichte der Welt. Neben den Dauerausstellungen finden regelmäßig… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • National Maritime Museum — National Mar|i|time Mu|se|um the National Maritime Museum a ↑museum in Greenwich, South London, with models and pictures of British ships, and things relating to the sea, sailing, and famous seamen …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • National Maritime Museum — For the equivalents of other nations, see National Maritime Museums. Coordinates: 51°28′52″N 0°00′20″W / 51.481111°N 0.005556°W / 51.481111; 0 …   Wikipedia

  • National Maritime Museum — noun → Australian National Maritime Museum …   Australian-English dictionary

  • National Maritime Museum of Ireland — Museum exterior Established 1978 Location Haigh Terrace, Dún Laoghaire Type …   Wikipedia

  • National Maritime Museum Cornwall — NMM Cornwall, Falmouth The National Maritime Museum Cornwall is located in a harbourside building at Falmouth in Cornwall. The building was designed by architect M. J. Long.[1] The museum grew out of the FIMI (Falmouth International Maritime… …   Wikipedia

  • National Maritime Museum, New Zealand — The National Maritime Museum is New Zealand s premier maritime museum. It is located at the waterfront of Auckland, close to the Viaduct Harbour. It holds ships, models and related exhibition pieces spanning New Zealands maritime history from the …   Wikipedia

  • National Maritime Museum (Galle) — The National Maritime Museum in Galle, Sri Lanka is located within the Galle fort. On March 2010, it was reopened at the Dutch warehouse of the Galle fort as the National Maritime Archaeology Museum[1]. Exhibits of marine artifacts found in… …   Wikipedia

  • Israeli National Maritime Museum — Museum interior The National Maritime Museum (Hebrew: המוזיאון הימי הלאומי‎, HaMuze on HaYami HaLe umi) in Haifa, Israel was founded in 1953. It is based on the private collection of its founder and first director, Aryeh Ben Eli. In 1972, the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”