- Maastricht Treaty
* * *officially Treaty on European Union.It bestowed EU citizenship on every national of its member states, provided for the introduction of a central banking system and a common currency (see euro), and committed the member states to work toward a common foreign and security policy. Signed in 1991, it was ratified and took effect in 1993. See also European Court of Justice, European Parliament, Treaties of Rome.
* * *▪ Europe formally Treaty on European Unioninternational agreement approved by the heads of government of the states of the European Community (EC) in Maastricht, Netherlands, in December 1991. Ratified by all EC member states (voters in Denmark rejected the original treaty but later approved a slightly modified version), the treaty was signed on February 7, 1992, and entered into force on November 1, 1993. The treaty established a European Union (EU), with EU citizenship granted to every person who was a citizen of a member state. EU citizenship enabled people to vote and run for office in local and European Parliament elections in the EU country in which they lived, regardless of their nationality. The treaty also provided for the introduction of a central banking system and a common currency (the euro), committed members to implementing common foreign and security policies, and called for greater cooperation on various other issues, including the environment, policing, and social policy.
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